Red de Protección Social contra la Pobreza Extrema

About the program

This network is the Government’s strategy for overcoming extreme poverty through institutional support; it aims for equal access to rights and opportunities for the poorest families and communities. It involves the participation of 32 government entities, benefiting 1,500,000 families living in extreme poverty through preferential access to social services.

Country Colombia
Home 2007
Classification Extension and information on nutrition, Labor market and wages, Nutritional Health
FNS Dimension Acceso, Utilización
Website http://www.anspe.gov.co/es/anspe/estrategia-unidos
Objectives
  1. Accompany families in extreme poverty by articulating institutional services.
  2. Promote a strategic relationship with local governments, mayors and governors, focusing on progress in overcoming extreme poverty of its most vulnerable families.
  3. Link to the private sector in the fight against poverty through its social investment programs.
  4. Encouraging achievements in formation and accumulation of human capital.
  5. Promote social innovation as an alternative to overcome extreme poverty. Currently there is a group of pioneering companies interested in promoting projects and actions of social innovation at a national level.
  6. Support families in building a new perspective on life that allows them to be active agents of their own development.
  7. Breaking the vicious cycle of extreme poverty.
Goals

UNIDOS intends to improve the quality of life of one million five hundred thousand families living in extreme poverty, through a system of joint work and responsibility established between families and government.

Components and/or products

COMPONENTES

Family and Community Support Process

UNIDOS’ strategy Is implemented through the Social Co-managers, more than 10,700 women and men who travel daily throughout the country visiting, one by one, families in extreme poverty that are supported by the National Agency for Poverty Reduction (ANSPE ). The social co-managers accompany and guide the families to reach 45 Basic Achievements in order to overcome extreme poverty, connecting the articulated offer (public and private), included in the strategy.

Supply management and preferential access to state social programs

The Social Co-managers visit directly and personally each family in extreme poverty, create a diagnosis of the situation and transmit the information to the ANSPE to manage preferential access to the services of the entities of the States’ networks and local governments . This management plan responds to a specific Family Plan that is created with each family with the support of the Social Co-managers. As a part of this component, it will also promote partnerships with the private sector to find ways of coordinating corporate social responsibility strategies.

Institutional strengthening

Participating institutions coordinate their activities around families who are accompanied by ANSPE in order to grant preferential access to the provision of social services. For this the ANSPE supports and strengthens decentralization and initiatives from mayors, governors and other local authorities, with whom the joint construction of public policies for social and economic development takes place.

DIMENSIONES AND ACHIEVEMENTS

Identification: The family members have special documents that identify them as Colombian citizens and demonstrate compliance with requirements established by law.

  • All children between 0 and 7 years of age have been registered through civil registration, children between 7 and 18 have identity cards, and people older than 18 have citizenship cards.
  • Men between 18 and 50 years old have military cards.
  • The families included in the System of Identification and Classification of Potential Beneficiaries of Social Programs (SISBEN) has registered the personal information of each of its members, exactly as valid identity documents according to their age ranges.

Income and employment: access to family income (monetary or in kind) through different livelihoods.

  • All adults over the age of 60 have some form of income and / or have a financial support mechanism within the household.
  • At least one member of the family, older than 15, has paid employment or is linked to a source of independent income.
  • All persons in the household of working age, reach a level of capacity that facilitates their participation to a gainful occupation or improve the conditions of the activity they already participate in.
  • The family has sufficient assets to reach a level that facilitates their incorporation to the labor market and to paid employment or improve the conditions of the activity they already participate in.

Education and training: Children, young people and adults accumulate human capital and access to knowledge that allows them to develop in a comprehensive manner.

  • Children under 5 are linked to a program of comprehensive care, nutrition and early childhood education.
  • All children of school age (from 5 to 17 years), who have not completed the basic education cycle (up to 9th grade) are participating in formal education or an alternative system, which allows them to develop their skills .
  • Adults between 18 and 65 years (including those with disabilities) are literate.
  • People who wish to do so, once the basic education cycle has been completed, enroll to secondary education, technical, technological or access to training programs for work.
  • Boys and girls under 15 years are not linked to work activities.

Health: By effectively linking and coordinating the health system, people receive healthcare services and participate in promotion and prevention programs. Thus the family reduces avoidable mortality and morbidity.

  • Members of families are affiliated with the General System for Social Security in Health - SGSS.
  • Families access interventions related to health promotion to which they are entitled under SGSS.
  • Adolescents and adults, of both sexes, known methods for family planning.
  • Children, members of the family, at 12 months of age have received three doses of pentavalent vaccine (DPT, HB and Hib), children between 1 and 2 years have a dose of MMR (measles, rubella and mumps).
  • Pregnant women, members of the family, are ascribed to and attend prenatal checkups, or receive institutional care for childbirth.
  • All children fewer than 10 years age, that are family members, are enrolled and attend consultations for early detection of abnormalities related to growth and development.
  • Women members of the family attend screening programs for cervical and breast cancer, and know and understand their results.
  • People with disabilities have access to rehabilitation programs (particularly those based in the community) and receive technical assistance necessary for autonomy.

Nutrition: All family members have adequate food and have good habits in handling food.

  • Families practice healthy habits in handling and preparing food.
  • The family eats healthy and varied food.
  • Children under six months receive at least four of the six recommended exclusive breastfeeding months.

Living conditions: The family has safe living conditions; habitability conditions that are consistent with their cultural context.

  • The house has water supply and drainage system.
  • The family has or transforms their trash.
  • The house has provision of conventional or alternative energy.
  • The house has different areas for the bathroom, kitchen, laundry room and bedrooms.
  • More than three people do not live in each room of the house and children sleep separate from adults.
  • The house does not have dirt floors.
  • Family members have sleeping and eating implements.
  • The family has access to a communications system.
  • The house has suitable materials that enable security regarding physical infrastructure and greater welfare for the family in terms of health.
  • The house has lighting, natural ventilation and privacy.

Family dynamics: The family has a strengthened and healthy family system and also counts with coexistence mechanisms and expressions of affection. It also recognizes the importance of relations between its members for their own development.

  • The family develops and monitors their Family Plan.
  • The family accesses formation and early detection services, care and recovery for victims of domestic and sexual violence.
  • The family members know the spaces and opportunities for access to programs and services available locally (community organizations, places of recreation and culture, sports clubs, recreation centers for children, youth and seniors, parents' associations, family education centers, playgrounds, etc.) and participate in some of them.
  • Family with children fewer than 6 years know and apply guidelines rights-based upbringing.
  • The family creates opportunities for dialogue and applies rules for family life and conflict resolution.
  • The whole family participates in care and social integration of people with disabilities.

Banking and savings: The family is interested in the financial system as a means of access to job opportunities, income and family security. In addition, it creates a culture of savings to achieve Objective set by them.

  • The family saves through the financial system or through informal mechanisms.
  • The family knows the characteristics of at least one of the following financial services: savings, credit and insurance.
  • Family, who requires it, have obtained a loan through a financial or formal mechanism or through savings and credit groups.

Access to Justice: The beneficiary family has access to formal and non-formal justice in order to: resolve their conflicts, are knowledgeable of their rights, promote and strengthen the values of coexistence in a timely and effective manner.

  • The family knows their legal needs, learns to identify the appropriate institutional route for resolving conflicts between alternatives offered through the justice system, and know their rights and civic duties.
  • The families’ legal needs receive prompt and timely attention from operators of justice and access to Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanisms - MASC.
  • The displaced family receives provisions in order to support the monitoring of indicators related to effective enjoyment of rights.
Target population

Families living in vulnerable conditions.

Scope

Nacional

Geographical coverage Urbano y rural
Responsible organism

Agencia Nacional para la Superación de la Pobreza Extrema

Executing organism Agencia Nacional para la Superación de la Pobreza Extrema
Related institutions Ministry of Health and Social Welfare
Ministerio de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural
Ministerio de Comercio, Industria y Turismo
Ministry of Education
Ministerio de Vivienda, Ciudad y Territorio
Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar
Department for Social Prosperity
Ministry of Culture