Chile Solidario

About the program

The Chile Solidario (Chile’s social protection system) system promotes the incorporation of families and people living in extreme poverty in to social networks as well as providing access to better living conditions in order to overcome poverty. Chile Solidario works through its own programs so as to create connections and empower people and these function as instruments that work in intermediation, counseling and support. It entails specialized services for psychosocial support, which through specific socio-educational methodologies, proposes orientation and accompaniment so as to facilitate the process of social integration for families and individuals. The program includes the provision of cash transfers, subsidies and solidarity pensions.

Country Chile
Home 2004
Classification Pensiones, Subsidios, Cash transfers
FNS Dimension Acceso
Website http://www.chilesolidario.gob.cl/sist/sist1.php
Objectives

Objective

Promote the incorporation of families and their members, living in extreme poverty, to social networks and access to better living conditions.

Components and/or products

Psychosocial support

It consists of personalized support for beneficiaries of "Chile Solidario" by a professional or qualified technician, in order to promote the development of personal and family skills needed to meet the minimum quality of life, and an intervention strategy aimed at strengthening the effective linking of beneficiaries with social networks and access to the benefits that are available.

  1. Programa Puente: aimed for families in extreme poverty. It is run by municipalities and is administered and technically assisted by the Solidarity and Social Investment Fund (FOSIS).
  2. Programa Vínculos: aims for supporting elderly vulnerable adults living alone. It is a program that is executed by the municipalities and has technical assistance from the National Service for the Elderly (SENAMA).
  3. Programa Calle: designed to work with adults who are homeless. It is a program executed by municipalities, provincial governments and NGOs and management and technical assistance is provided by Ministry of Social Development.
  4. Programa Camino: aimed for supporting children from families where there are situations of forced separation due to a prison sentence. The program is implemented by non-governmental organizations and their design and methodological support is provided by the Ministry of Social Development.
  5. Preferential Access to Social Programs

Family Subsidy (SUF)

Family Subsidy is intended for people who live in poverty and cannot be benefitted by “Asignación Familiar” from the decree with status and force of law DFL No. 150 of 1982, because they are not dependent workers affiliated to a social security system. The Family Subsidy is paid by the Social Security Institute; its financing comes from taxes.

The following individuals can access this benefit:

  1. Children of up to 18 years of age and individuals with disabilities of any age, living at the expense of the beneficiary, who participate in health programs established by the Ministry of Health for child care (up to 8 years of age) and who do not receive income equal to or greater than the value of the Family Subsidy. An orphan’s pension is not considered a part of the income for these purposes. For children older than 6 years of age, a certification must be provided that assures that they are regular students attending primary education, secondary, higher or equivalent, within State recognized institutions, unless the individuals are disabled.
  2. Mothers of children living at their expense, for which they receive the Family Subsidy. In this case, the mother would result as the beneficiary.
  3. Pregnant women.
  4. People with mental disabilities (Law No. 18.6001987), of any age who are not beneficiaries the Pensión Asistencial (Welfare Pension).

The following are recipients of the Family Subsidy, in this distinctive order : the mother, or in the absence of the mother the father would be the beneficiary, the guardians or persons responsible for the child; and individuals who are responsible for persons with mental disabilities of any age and are, also, economically responsible for them.

Subsidy for Identity Card

This a benefit intended for family members assigned to Chile Solidario, whether they are in the psychosocial phase (“Puente, Caminos, Personas en Situación de Calle, Vínculos”) or if they are collecting the “Bono Egreso” (Graduation Bonus).

Basic Solidarity Pension for Old Age or Disability

  1. Old Age: Pension provided by the State to people 65 and older who are not entitled to any pension within any social security scheme and are within 60% of the families of scarce resources.
  2. Disability: Pension provided by the State to people who have been classified as disabled and are within 60% of the families of scarce resources.

Subsidy for Water Consumption and Sewer System Use (SAP)

This is a benefit that funds a part of a maximum consumption of 15 cubic meters of potable water and sewer system service, it works through a deduction of the beneficiary’s water bill and the beneficiary only pays the difference. Moreover, according to Law 19.949 which establishes “Chile Solidario”, an additional amount of subsidies to drinking water and sewage services exist, which cover 100% of the first 15 cubic meters of consumption.

Protection and Graduation Cash Transfer for families benefitted by “Chile Solidario”

This is a direct decreasing cash transfer that is paid for 24 months to families that are benefitted by the Program “Puente” of “Chile Solidario”.

School retention allowance

This is a benefit designed to encourage permanence in the educational system up to 12th  grade (4° medio) for students that are enrolled from 7th grade (7° básico) to 12th grade (4° medio) and that are members of families participating in “Chile Solidario”. The school retention allowance is paid once a year to subsidized educational institutions whose students are children from families covered by the Social Protection System “Chile Solidario”, and are enrolled between 7th  grade and 12th grade. The allowance is paid in April of the following year after the student has completed his school year and the value of the allowance increases for each completed year.

Target population

Families and individuals living in extreme poverty

Scope

Nacional

Geographical coverage Urbano y rural
Responsible organism

Ministry of Social Development

Management, coordination, monitoring and evaluation of "Chile Solidario" is a responsibility of the Ministry of Social Development.

Executing organism Ministry of Social Development
Related institutions Instituto de Previsión Social
Normative framework

Ley N° 19.949/2004 que establece un sistema de proteccion social para familias en situacion de extrema pobreza denominado Chile Solidario