Employment Support Program

About the program

The Employment Support Program aims to help solve the difficulties faced by the supply and demand of labor in order to find employment in the labor market due, on the one hand, to insufficient knowledge, abilities and job skills; lack of resources to find or keep a job, start or strengthen a self-employed activity, move to markets with supply of jobs; or adapt their working skills; or youths to be able to acquire work experience; as well as open employment opportunities for older adults and people with disabilities; and on the other hand, the lack of promotion of available positions in the job market.

Country Mexico
Home 12.31.1969
Classification Labor market and wages
FNS Dimension Acceso
Website http://www.empleo.gob.mx/es_mx/empleo/Programa_de_apoyo_al_empleo

General objective

Promoting job seekers’ placement in a job or productive activity, through the provision of services or financial support or in kind, for training, self-employment, labor mobility and support for returnees.

Specific objectives

  1. Linking job seekers according to the requirements of knowledge and skills to fill vacancies made available by employers.
  2. Train job seekers, by incorporating them into short-term training courses for work.
  3. Promote the creation of “IOCP” for job seekers, by providing in-kind support and / or economic.
  4. Support labor mobility for job seekers which will apply to a vacancy outside their place of residence.
  5. Support returnees, by providing financial support to facilitate their early job placement in their place of origin or residence.
  6. Granting information on labor market conditions and employment opportunities through periodicals.
Components and/or products

Program for the labor market and wages which grants financial support for the following:

  • Strengthen job skills;
  • Promote self-employment;
  • Facilitate labor mobility and
  • Securing placement of returnees.

The Employment Support Program operates through four subprograms:

  • “Bécate”: This subprogram supports job seekers who require training in order to facilitate placement or development of productive self-employment. It is implemented through the following types of training: 
    1. Joint training: The courses are essentially practical and oriented to the acquisition, building or conversion of workplace skills of job seekers, enabling them to promote their placement in a job. They are held at the request of companies or employers that require trained personnel in an occupation, activity or specific position and the subprogram is prepared to provide facilities for these to be carried out.
    2. On the job training: Learning that takes place on the job, directly in the production process of the workplace, which facilitates placement for job seekers that require the acquisition or strengthening of labor skills.
    3. Self-Employment Training: aimed at acquiring or strengthening job skills of job seekers who cannot find a position of subordinate employment and wish to develop productive self-employment training. This subprogram is provided in training institutions that have the necessary infrastructure.
    4. Vouchers for Training: Training courses for job seekers who need to update, improve and / or reconvert their skills, abilities and / or job skills in order to increase their chances of recruitment because they face difficulties in job placement. Courses are taught in educational institutions.
  • Self-Employment Promotion: Supports through the delivery of furniture, machinery, equipment and / or tools for the productive employment of job seekers that have the necessary work skills but fail to find work.
  • Labor mobility: Economic support for job seekers in order for them to be able to have transportation to their jobs which is not near their place of residence due to the fact that they cannot find work near them. It is implemented through two modalities:
    1. Agricultural Sector: Serve the agricultural laborers, at the request of employers, which develop seasonal work.
    2. Industrial and Services Sectors: It benefits job seekers in the industrial and service sectors that fail find work near their place of residence and want to take advantage of job opportunities elsewhere in the country or abroad, in the case of existing federal agreements.
  • Working Returnees: Economical support for national returnees seeking employment and willing to come back to their place of residence or origin, provided that it is located in a different entity from the repatriation place.
Target population

Subprogram “Bécate”: Job seekers aged 16 or more, which must acquire or convert their qualifications or job skills in order to facilitate their placement in a job or to develop a self - employed activity.

Subprogram Self-employment Promotion: job seekers aged 18 or more who have skills to develop a productive self - employment.

Labor Mobility Subprogram:

  1. Modality for the Agricultural Sector: Agricultural Laborers of 16 years of age and older as job seekers which do not find working opportunities related to their sector near their places of residence and for this reason require moving temporarily to another place and / or region in which there is a demand for workforce in the agricultural sector.
  2. Modality Industrial and Service Sectors: Job seekers aged 16 and over, whose main activity is related to the manufacturing and service sectors, which in their places of residence do not have the opportunity to work in their sector and there are existing vacancies elsewhere, therefore they require transfer to another place or locality of the country or even into international labor markets where there is coordination between the federal government and other countries for the orderly flow of workers in the industrial and service sectors.

Subprogram for Working Returnees: Mexican nationals aged 16 or older who have been repatriated and express to the offices of the National Employment Service their interest in finding a job in their place of origin or residence, provided that it is located in a different entity border than within the repatriation point.



Geographical coverage Urbano y rural
Responsible organism

Related institutions Coordinación General del Servicio Nacional de Empleo
Related national policies

Mexico Without Hunger National Program

Normative framework

Federal Official Journal: 20/12/2013 Agreement which establishes the Rules of Operation for the Employment Support Program.

Financial sources

Federal and State Budget