Plan Nacional de Respuesta al Cambio Climático

General information

This document provides a diagnosis of the country's vulnerability to climate change, in order to establish strategic guidelines that allow adaptation and mitigation to this phenomenon and indicates the means of managing these guidelines.

The areas of action within the framework of adaptation refer to different sectors such as water resources, energy, biodiversity, production and quality of life, among others; while mitigation plans are aimed at reducing emissions in the various productive sectors.

Country Uruguay
Type Plan
Classification Emergencies and natural resources
Date 2010
Responsible institution

Related institutions

Ministerio de Vivienda, Ordenamiento Territorial y Medio Ambiente (MVOTMA)

Ministry of Livestock, Agriculture and Fisheries (MGAP)

Ministerio de Defensa Nacional (MDN)

Ministerio de Economía y Finanzas (MEF)

Ministerio de Industria, Energía y Minería (MIEM)

Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores (MRREE)

Ministerio de Salud Publica (MSP)

Ministerio de Turismo (MINTUR)

Oficina de Planeamiento y Presupuesto (OPP)


General objective

Identify, plan and coordinate the actions and necessary measures in order to mitigate emissions of greenhouse gases in Uruguay, as well as the actions necessary for society and the productive sector’s adaptation to the impacts of climate change and variability.

Specific objectives

  • Coordinate institutional actions for effective and efficient response to the challenges of climate change.
  • Move towards a comprehensive climate risk management system supported by efficient information systems for decision-making.
  • Improve knowledge about vulnerability to climate change scenarios and demands for adaptation and mitigation of different socioeconomic and natural systems.
  • Establish preventive adaptation policies that help protect biodiversity and ecosystems and reduce the vulnerability of populations to climate change.
  • Introduce mitigation and adaptation strategies for productive sectors in order to reduce their vulnerability and propitiate environmentally sustainable economic development.
  • Promote mitigation of climate change by seizing the opportunities generated by the external framework for technology transfer, investment and access to carbon market.
  • Encourage the participation of key stakeholders in the actions of adaptation and mitigation through education, training and development of public awareness of climate change and its effects.
  • Contribute to better positioning the country in the negotiations under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and in the area of international policy regarding issues such as: commercial implications of mitigation policies in countries; access to international cooperation; technology transfer and financing adaptation and mitigation.

Strategic Action Lines

  • Adaptation
    1. Integrated Risk Management: a) Improved responsiveness to Variability and Extreme Weather Events; b) Instrumentation insurance and funds for Climate Risk Coverage.
    2. Water Resources: a) Integrated Management of Water Resources; b) Ensuring the availability of water for development.
    3. Energy: a) Planning and Infrastructure Maintenance; b) Diversification of the energy matrix; c) Promotion of Energy Efficiency.
    4. Ecosystems and Biodiversity: a) Protection of biodiversity and terrestrial ecosystems; b) Protection of biodiversity and coastal ecosystems.
    5. Production and Consumption: a) Agricultural Production (horizontal integration of producers for Water Management, and Sustainable Land Management; Breeding and utilization of adapted species); b) Industrial Production; c) Tourism; d) Consumption, Public and Private Sector.
    6. Quality of Life for the Population: a) Development of sustainable cities; b) Preservation of Human Health.
  • Mitigation
    1. Reducing Emissions: a) Farming (Livestock and Dairy, Agriculture, Forests and Forestry); b) Energy Sector; Transport; Waste.
    2. Implementation of Clean Development Mechanisms (CDM).
  • Management Support for Adaptation and Mitigation
    1. Organizational and Institutional Strengthening.
    2. Information Management: a) Integration, institutional collaboration and cooperation; b) systematic and continuous registration of relevant variables; c) Improving the quality of information; d) Development of Information and Monitoring Systems for decision-making.
    3. Scientific-Technological Innovation and Training: a) Capacity Building for Research; b) Innovation in Human Resources and Training.
    4. International Agenda: a) International Negotiation; b) International Cooperation.
    5. Communication and Education.
Target population

General population.