"Towards the Eradication of Chronic Malnutrition in Children in Nicaragua 2008-2015" National Plan
The National Plan incorporates the actions of health and nutrition of the highest potential in reducing chronic child malnutrition. The overall objective of the National Plan is to reduce steadily and permanently chronic malnutrition in children with less than 5 years of age during the period of 2008 to 2015.The implementation of the National Plan entails:
- The adoption of new standards for child growth and food and nutritional counseling, from the World Health Organization.
- Strengthening the strategy to promote exclusive breastfeeding in children with less than six months of age and continued up to two years or more with proper introduction to food of high nutritional value.
- Micronutrient supplementation: Vitamin A and ferrous sulfate for children of 6 to 59 months of age, the delivery of iron and folic acid to women of childbearing age (MEF), giving priority to pregnant and postpartum women. Counseling and distribution of contraceptive methods for women of childbearing age.
- The delivery of encapsulated micronutrients for children under five.
- New approach for the prevention and treatment of diarrhea: rotavirus vaccines, treatment with zinc and low-osmolality oral rehydration salts.
- Delivery of fortified complementary food to families living in areas of extreme, very high and high nutritional vulnerability with pregnant or nursing mothers or children from 6 to 36 months of age.
- Promote nutritional surveillance and actions in children younger than six months, such as exclusive breastfeeding and the use of milk banks.
- Supplements with iron and folic acid for women of childbearing age, to improve the nutritional status of these micronutrients before pregnancy, prevention and treatment of anemia and neural tube birth defects.
|Classification||Health and nutrition|
|Date||2008 - 2014|
The Ministry of Health develops this Plan through its regulatory and executive structure in coordination with the Comprehensive Care Program for Children (PAININ) of the Ministry of Family, Youth and Children integrating the social sector of the national government.
Reduce in a sustained manner, and permanently, chronic malnutrition in children with less than 5 years of age during the period 2008 to 2015.
The Plan is aimed at children under five, women of childbearing age, pregnant and nursing mothers, with interventions with the family and community.