"Towards the Eradication of Chronic Malnutrition in Children in Nicaragua 2008-2015" National Plan

General information

The National Plan incorporates the actions of health and nutrition of the highest potential in reducing chronic child malnutrition. The overall objective of the National Plan is to reduce steadily and permanently chronic malnutrition in children with less than 5 years of age during the period of 2008 to 2015.The implementation of the National Plan entails:

  1. The adoption of new standards for child growth and food and nutritional counseling, from the World Health Organization.
  2. Strengthening the strategy to promote exclusive breastfeeding in children with less than six months of age and continued up to two years or more with proper introduction to food of high nutritional value.
  3. Micronutrient supplementation: Vitamin A and ferrous sulfate for children of 6 to 59 months of age, the delivery of iron and folic acid to women of childbearing age (MEF), giving priority to pregnant and postpartum women. Counseling and distribution of contraceptive methods for women of childbearing age.
  4. The delivery of encapsulated micronutrients for children under five.
  5. New approach for the prevention and treatment of diarrhea: rotavirus vaccines, treatment with zinc and low-osmolality oral rehydration salts.
  6. Delivery of fortified complementary food to families living in areas of extreme, very high and high nutritional vulnerability with pregnant or nursing mothers or children from 6 to 36 months of age.
  7. Promote nutritional surveillance and actions in children younger than six months, such as exclusive breastfeeding and the use of milk banks.
  8. Supplements with iron and folic acid for women of childbearing age, to improve the nutritional status of these micronutrients before pregnancy, prevention and treatment of anemia and neural tube birth defects.
Country Nicaragua
Type Plan
Classification Health and nutrition
Date 2008 - 2014
Document https://extranet.who.int/...
Website http://www.minsa.gob.ni/
Responsible institution

Ministerio de Salud (MINSA)

The Ministry of Health develops this Plan through its regulatory and executive structure in coordination with the Comprehensive Care Program for Children (PAININ) of the Ministry of Family, Youth and Children integrating the social sector of the national government.

Related institutions

Ministerio de la Familia, Adolescencia y Niñez

Comité Técnico de Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional (COTESAN)

Comisión de Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional (CONASAN)

Objectives

General objective

Reduce in a sustained manner, and permanently, chronic malnutrition in children with less than 5 years of age during the period 2008 to 2015.

Specific objectives

  1. Providing comprehensive care to children with less than five years of age and prioritizing children with less than two years of age in order to ensure adequate health and nutrition.
  2. Lessen the severity and lethality of acute diarrheal diseases (EDA) rotavirus (using the new generation of interventions that address diarrhea).
  3. Providing comprehensive care to women in order to ensure optimal health during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum.
  4. Contribute to food security and nutrition of women and children.
  5. Promote healthy lifestyles that improve health and nutrition in the family and in the community.
  6. Evaluate process indicators and results of the National Plan "Towards the Eradication of Chronic Child Malnutrition".

MLAs

  • The adoption of new standards for child growth and food and nutritional counseling, from the World Health Organization.
  • Strengthening the strategy to promote exclusive breastfeeding in children with less than six months of age and continued up to two years or more with proper introduction to food of high nutritional value.
  • Micronutrient supplementation: Vitamin A and ferrous sulfate for children of 6 to 59 months of age, the delivery of iron and folic acid to women of childbearing age (MEF), giving priority to pregnant and postpartum women. Counseling and distribution of contraceptive methods for women of childbearing age.
  • The delivery of encapsulated micronutrients for children under five.
  • New approach for the prevention and treatment of diarrhea: rotavirus vaccines, treatment with zinc and low-osmolality oral rehydration salts.
  • Delivery of fortified complementary food to families living in areas of extreme, very high and high nutritional vulnerability with pregnant or nursing mothers or children from 6 to 36 months of age.
  • Promote nutritional surveillance and actions in children younger than six months, such as exclusive breastfeeding and the use of milk banks.
  • Supplementation with iron and folic acid to women of childbearing age, to improve the nutritional status of these micronutrients before pregnancy, prevention and treatment of anemia and neural tube birth defects.
Target population

The Plan is aimed at children under five, women of childbearing age, pregnant and nursing mothers, with interventions with the family and community.