Estrategia Nacional de Desarrollo e Inclusión Social

General information

This Strategy is part of the National System of Development and Social Inclusion, a system responsible for ensuring compliance with public policies that guide state intervention aimed at reducing poverty, inequalities, vulnerabilities and social risks.

The MIDIS (Ministry for Development and Social Inclusion) has developed the National Strategy for Development and Social Inclusion "Incluir para Crecer (Include for Growth)" as a management tool which works as the framework document in order to organize interventions being developed by the system’s actors focusing around common Objective and results.

The Strategy draws from a life cycle approach, its aim is to guide the articulation of policy development and social inclusion within the framework of results-based management and the phases and instruments of the management cycle of public policy-planning and programming, implementation, monitoring and evaluation; the aforementioned is based on each sector’s initiatives which are being worked on as well as regional governments’ and local government.

Through the division of these strategic areas, it is possible to deal with different programs corresponding to a specific axis focusing on each of the stages of life; thus this is how "Nutrición Infantil (Child Nutrition)" relates to "Desarrollo Infantil Temprano (Early Childhood Development)" and "Desarrollo de Niñez y Adolescencia (Development of Children and Youth)" with programs such as "Cuna More"; "Qali Warma" and "Juntos (Together)" and axes from "Inclusión Económica (Economic Inclusion)" and "Protección del Adulto Mayor (Protection of the Elderly)" relate to programs such as "FONCODES (Cooperation Fund for Social Development)" and "Pensión 65".

Country Peru
Type Estrategia
Classification Production conditions, Production, Income, Food Aid, Health and nutrition
Date 2013
Responsible institution

Ministerio de Desarrollo e Inclusión Social (MIDIS)

Related institutions

Ministerio de Salud (MINSA)

Ministerio de la Mujer y Poblaciones Vulnerables (MIMP)

Ministerio de Vivienda, Construcción y Saneamiento (MVCS)



Establish the general framework for policy development and social inclusion for coordinated interventions of the institutions within the three levels of government involved in the sector, organizing them and guiding them towards priority development outcomes and social inclusion, recognizing the skills and processes that are already in place.

Strategic Axes

With a focus on the home and drawing from a life cycle perspective, the five strategic axes are defined as follows:

  1. Child Nutrition (0 to 3 years of age): the expected result is to reduce the prevalence of chronic child malnutrition.
  2. Early Childhood Development (0-5 years of age): the results expected are in relation to increasing physical, cognitive, motor, social and emotional development in early childhood.
  3. Integral Development of Children and Youth (6-17 years of age): results expected are in relation to increasing personal skills, as well as educational and occupational development, according to age.
  4. Economic Inclusion (18-64 years of age): the expected results are in relation to the increasing autonomous household income.
  5. Protection of the Elderly (65 years of age and older): the expected results are in relation to increasing welfare for the elderly.
Target population

The target population of this strategy is defined as "Population in the Process of Development and Social Inclusion" or "PEPI", this population is characterized by having at least three of the following conditions:

  • Rural home, meaning those located in towns of 400 homes or less.
  • Woman or Spouse is the Head of the Household, with an educational level equal to incomplete primary school or less.
  • Spouse is Head of Household from an indigenous background.
  • A household which is a part of the first quintile in relation to the national distribution of per capita spending.
Number of beneficiaries

According to the National Household Survey of 2010, the target population would correspond to 4.8 million people who meet three of the four requirements mentioned above. (See target population).