National Policy for Early Childhood

General information

The Constitution of the Republic, recognized explicitly in Article 71 of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child:

"Childhood enjoys special protection and all the rights that their condition requires, which is fully in force in the International Convention on the Rights of the Child"

Article 76 provides that the State shall establish programs for children and that this part of the population has the right to "preventive measures, protection and education, which is required by their family, society and the State"

Early Childhood: stage where the bases of development of the person is established, as well as the neurological and neurocognitive shaping, bone structure, learning abilities, skills and sensory skills, motor skills, communication relationships and social interaction, immune systems, emotional, communication and affective processes.

Investment in early childhood ensures the physical, mental, social and spiritual development of future human capital. It is also conceived as a strategy for overcoming poverty and boosting economic growth in the country in an effective manner.

This Policy articulates and integrates the programs and actions aimed for early childhood, which are driven by the Social Welfare System.

Country Nicaragua
Type Polìtica
Date 11.28.2011
Responsible institution

Comisión Nacional de Amor por los más Chiquititos y Chiquititas

Related institutions

Ministerio de Educación (MINED)

Ministerio de la Familia, Adolescencia y Niñez

Ministerio de Salud (MINSA)

Objectives

Objectives

  • Restore human rights of children under six and of pregnant and nursing mothers to a decent life, health, education, food security, recreation, family, healthy and safe environment, with favorable conditions for development and full well-being.
  • Foster integral human development for children by improving their quality of life and enhancing their skills and capabilities from the mother’s pregnant state to and during the first six years of life, through the joint effort between families, communities, society, state, government and municipalities.
  • Coordinate all programs, centers and actions for the restitution of rights and development provided by the State for Early Childhood so that they are universal, free, with quality, equitable, with human-social warmth, cultural relevance and to ensure effective investment in the nation’s human capital.

Components

  • Education
    1. Universality of quality Early Education for children.
    2. Inclusion of girls and young children in urban and rural areas in preschool, “CDI”, “CICO”, “Cases Base”; without discrimination on grounds of age, disability, ethnic, geographic location, culture, religion, social or for those who live at risk.
    3. Strengthen teacher’s knowledge, skills and abilities in order for them to master concepts and methodologies for Early Childhood and Inclusive Education so as to develop educational, social and human relationships with children.
    4. Systematic promotion of the quality of educational processes.
    5. Stimulating, relevant and appropriate education to provide to children who come from Early Childhood Programs. Schools environments and dignified conditions, with methodologies that capture the attention and motivation of children to remain in the classroom.
    6. Family and community practices of early stimulation.
  • Health 
    1. Guarantee comprehensive health for mothers and daughters and sons
    2. Development of specialized services for early childhood.
    3. Reduction of infant morbidity.
    4. Inclusive development of children with disabilities.
    5. Promoting preventive health.
    6. Promotion of a life free of addictions.
  • Early stimulation 
    1. Education and Early Stimulation practices in families with children 0-6 years of age.
    2. Organization for active community participation in education, outreach and early stimulation.
  • Centers for Early Childhood Development 
    1. Gradual expansion and strengthening of the Centers for Early Childhood Development in rural and urban areas; in the Pacific, North American and Caribbean regions as well as the Autonomous Northern Region and in the Autonomous Southern Region.
    2. Improving the quality and relevance of Early Childhood Services.
  • Identity 
    1. Implementation of registration of children.
    2. Promoting self-esteem and child identity.
  • Food safety 
    1. Reduced nutritional deficit of children with less than six years of age, prioritizing children under the age of two in rural areas and in poor suburbs of cities.
    2. Promotion of breastfeeding as a source of life.
    3. Guarantee available and healthy food.
    4. Promote nutrition education by teaching the importance of healthy food.
    5. Promotion of schools with healthy food availability.
  • Prevention of all forms of violence against children, care for victims and punishment for perpetrators 
    1. Promoting the elimination of corporal punishment.
    2. Promoting the eradication of sexual violence.
    3. Promotion of parenting styles based on tenderness, seeking internalization that a family without violence is a better way to live.
    4. Continue to promote schools free from corporal punishment.
    5. Comprehensive psychosocial care for child victims of physical, psychological and sexual violence
  • Restitution of Rights
    • Subcomponent for the Protection of Children at Risk living in the Street 
      1. Making every effort to rescue children from the street.
    • Protection subcomponent for children of parents with addiction problems, adolescents, migrants and lawbreakers. 
      1. Special protection for children of parents with addictions, adolescents, migrants and offenders of criminal law.
      2. Strengthen comprehensive care and follow up for parents with addictions.
    • Protection subcomponent for children without a family environment 
      1. Restoration of the right to a family for children who are homeless.
      2. Implementation of measures of restoration of rights or special protection to children who have been abandoned.
    • Restitution subcomponent of the right to alimony 
      1. Guarantee a timely pension of food to care for the development and health of children.
    • Subcomponent Protection of children at risk 
      1. Restoration of the rights of children under six years of age belonging to suffering groups from specific populations: children with disabilities, HIV or AIDS and orphans, children of mothers deprived of freedom and indigenous children.
    • Subcomponent for National Network Support for Protection Centers
      1. Monitoring the children’s Protection Centers for them to become spaces for restoration of rights, protection and comprehensive care for children.
  • Safe homes
    1. Guarantee decent and safe housing.
Normative framework

Law 287, Code of Childhood and Adolescence of the Republic of Nicaragua, states that children are social subjects and have rights and they must be respected, including civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, without discrimination due to age, gender, social, ethnic or other condition and that the State, family and society should ensure full enjoyment of all their rights.

Target population
  • Children from 0 to 6 years of age
  • Pregnant and nursing women