National Policy for Early Childhood
The Constitution of the Republic, recognized explicitly in Article 71 of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child:
"Childhood enjoys special protection and all the rights that their condition requires, which is fully in force in the International Convention on the Rights of the Child"
Article 76 provides that the State shall establish programs for children and that this part of the population has the right to "preventive measures, protection and education, which is required by their family, society and the State"
Early Childhood: stage where the bases of development of the person is established, as well as the neurological and neurocognitive shaping, bone structure, learning abilities, skills and sensory skills, motor skills, communication relationships and social interaction, immune systems, emotional, communication and affective processes.
Investment in early childhood ensures the physical, mental, social and spiritual development of future human capital. It is also conceived as a strategy for overcoming poverty and boosting economic growth in the country in an effective manner.
This Policy articulates and integrates the programs and actions aimed for early childhood, which are driven by the Social Welfare System.
Law 287, Code of Childhood and Adolescence of the Republic of Nicaragua, states that children are social subjects and have rights and they must be respected, including civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, without discrimination due to age, gender, social, ethnic or other condition and that the State, family and society should ensure full enjoyment of all their rights.