Policies for the Agricultural Sector and Development of Rural Territories 2015-2018

General information

This policy seeks to improve the living conditions of the population engaged in activities regarding agriculture and rural areas, promoting an agricultural and rural sector that is efficient, competitive, highly trained at all levels in order to ensure food security and sovereignty and with recognized international positioning, which is respectful of the rights of workers, compliant with current legislation, committed to the environment and is socially responsible. The scope of the policy is aimed at the agricultural sector and rural areas, with a focus on 25 rural territories and providing special attention to the 20 priority cantons; this policy is driven by the Presidency of the Republic through the Office of the First Lady.

Country Costa Rica
Type Polìtica
Classification Production conditions, Production, Post-production, Emergencies and natural resources, Desarrollo de exportaciones
Date 01.01.2015 - 12.30.2018
Document http://www.mag.go.cr/bibliotecavirtual/E14-10625.pdf
Website http://www.mag.go.cr/
Responsible institution

Secretaría Ejecutiva de Planificación Sectorial Agropecuaria (SEPSA)


Desired vision

Dignify families, employees, agricultural producers and producers from rural areas.

Pillars, objectives and strategic areas

  • Pillar 1. Food sovereignty and security and nutrition
    • Objective: Improve productivity, commercialization and added-value generation of the main agricultural products for basic consumption of the population and other activities in agriculture, through an articulated supply of goods and timely and effective services in order to improve the living conditions of small and medium producers.
    • Strategic areas:
      1. Increased production and productivity with added value. Processes which increase productivity and added value of main items in order to ensure a nutritious and healthy diet, these activities will be implemented in conditions of equality, with social and environmental responsibility.
      2. Production, availability and use of seed and genetic material of superior quality. Implement and strengthen production activities, access and use of higher quality seeds and genetic material for major agribusiness activities.
      3. Improve internal commercialization processes for greater market access. Internal commercialization processes allow greater access for small and medium producers to agricultural commercialization channels under equal conditions for producers and consumers.
      4. Research, technology transfer, extension and innovation. Research programs, technology transfer, extension and innovation will be used as tools to achieve productivity gains, reduce costs, add value and create sustainable production.
      5. Defense of national production and public health. Improve plant and animal health status, animal health and veterinary public health in order to contribute to social, environmental and economic development.
      6. Conservation and use of plant and animal genetic resources. Actions for the conservation and use of plant and animal genetic resources will aim at national heritage protection in accordance with national and international regulations.
      7. Knowledge management. Promoting the exchange of knowledge and information between public and private stakeholders will reduce technology gaps and improve decision-making of farmers and producers to improve production systems, commercialization and aggregation of value.
      8. Production, commercialization and value addition of local and nutraceutical products. The increased production and consumption of local products and nutraceuticals should provide a new alternative supply and generation of employment and income.
  • Pillar 2. Opportunities for youth in agriculture and rural areas
    • Objective: Develop capabilities in order to create employment and entrepreneurship opportunities for young people; consequently they may achieve their integration and effective participation in economic, social and cultural fields in rural areas.
    • Strategic areas:
      1. Visibility and awareness of young people in order to enable integration into the different areas of rural communities. The processes of visibility and awareness will be held both in public institutions and in private, within communities and youth groups; this will focus on the development of their potential.
      2. Capacity building in rural youth for human development, associative practices and for youth organization. Development processes for psychosocial skills of young people should be implemented considering their specific characteristics (education level, employment status, and age and gender perspective).
      3. Human capital formation in technical colleges to enable young people access to quality jobs or productive endeavors. Create profiles of young people in technical colleges, high schools, rural education and other educational institutions for young adults, in coordination with the Ministry of Education; provide access to quality jobs or entrepreneurship in different economic activities within the rural landscape.
      4. Access to public goods and production factors in order to develop quality enterprises or jobs. Successful insertion of young people within agriculture, fisheries, rural sector and the economy which should be facilitated by access to financial resources, land, technical assistance, technology and other public goods and services.
      5. Coordination and inter sectoral coordination that responds to demands of rural young people about goods and services from other sectors. In order to meet the demands of rural young people, the provision of goods and services will be coordinated and linked to other sectors.
  • Pillar 3. Territorial rural development
    • Objective: Promote the integration of the population from rural areas into the dynamics of territorial development of the country, with investment projects that generate added value to improve the quality of life in rural areas.
    • Strategic areas:
      1. Production links and value chains based on the potential of the territories. Production chains will be promoted in rural areas; this is aimed at the development of local economies and their articulation to the national economy.
      2. Development and implementation of capacity for entrepreneurship and better jobs. Strategies for the development of entrepreneurship and better jobs must contain innovative training programs to strengthen the capacities of stakeholders in rural areas.
      3. Inter institutional coordination in order to enable the access of goods and services for the development of territories. The articulation between sectors must respond to the demands presented in the territorial plans for territorial rural development.
      4. Human development and social inclusion within the territories. The increase in investment in goods and services should generate adequate socio-cultural development of the social stakeholders in the territories, with inclusion and equity.
      5. Create public-private convergence bodies for development in the territories. The territories will have public-private convergence bodies for inclusive, sustainable and equitable development.
  • Pillar 4. Mitigation and adaptation of agriculture to climate change
    • Objective: Promote measures of adaptation, mitigation and climate risk management, which contribute to the fulfillment of the National Strategy on Climate Change, through investment, recognition of environmental services and other incentives, while fostering the development of green business, eco-friendly businesses and use of technologies in order to reduce GHG emissions and to maintain and increase productivity in priority activities.
    • Strategic areas:
      • Create measures in order to adjust production processes to climate change. Adaptation actions in production processes will aim to maintain production capacity through the development of a strategy of applied research, transfer and extension, agricultural zoning, development of new technologies and crop varieties resistant to extreme conditions, integrated pest management, decontamination of soil and water and reducing erosion.
      • Create mitigation actions for the agricultural and rural sector towards climate change. The implementation of mitigation measures for climate change should promote healthy food production, a productive environment with a friendly atmosphere and an effective contribution to the goal of a carbon neutral country.
      • Promotion of green business. To promote green business incentives must be placed such as differentiated credit, research, transfer and technical assistance for those using biomass sources.
      • Comprehensive risk management. To prevent the risks associated with extreme events and disasters that affect national agricultural production, a national strategy for risk management in agricultural planning will be designed.
  • Pillar 5. Strengthening the agricultural export sector
    • Objective: Improve aspects of productivity, quality, traceability, safety and compliance with social and environmental standards from existing and potential exportable products that allow better market positioning.
    • Strategic areas:
      1. Creating spaces for defining and providing attention to union level strategic actions. Improving the competitiveness of agricultural chains taking into account the agricultural exports potential; it will be provided through joint agendas with representatives of the agro-export sector and public institutions and the simplification of procedures.
      2. Research, innovation and technology transfer for exportable products. Regarding research, innovation and technology transfer, the establishment of strategic alliances will be privileged with universities, research centers, chambers, corporations, industries and consumers in order to make an efficient use of resources directed towards a common goal.
      3. Credit. Credit should be an instrument for the sector to engage and compete internationally.
      4. Coordination with the Ministry of Foreign Trade for the administration of existing trade agreements and finding niche markets. The advantage of opportunities existing trade agreements and the search for niche markets should respond to economic, social and environmental benefits for Costa Ricans.
      5. Investment in infrastructure and logistics for export. To achieve greater efficiency in exports modernization of infrastructure shall be done in order to support and promote export-oriented activity in ports, airports, roads and border crossings.
Target population

The policy is aimed at producer families, producer organizations, workers and salaried workers, young people, producers from agriculture and rural areas, enterprises that add value, commercialize, perform agro export and other related activities regarding the agricultural and rural sectors such as fisheries and aquaculture.