Food Security Policy
In the Food Security Policy, special attention is provided to integrated rural development. The actions are aimed to: on the one hand, provide agricultural research services, scientific and technical transfer, and financing advice for producers regarding natural disasters and pests, or to improve rural structures and the acquisition of equipment and machinery; on the other hand, they refer to building communities and technical infrastructure and basic services, in order to stabilize the workforce and improve the quality of life in the area.
To ensure access to food, the Food Security Policy created objectives focused on rationed distribution and allocation to food programs and social assistance. Rationed distribution consists of the delivery to the entire Cuban population of a basket of essential food items like rice, beans, meat, fat, sugar and milk. The basket is offered at subsidized prices. Children of up to six years of age, pregnant women, the elderly and the chronically ill receive assortments and differentiated quotas. These are higher in some areas, such as Havana and Santiago de Cuba.
A crucial component of the policy is based on the systematic evaluation of existing nutritional conditions. In order to accomplish the aforementioned, the Food and Nutrition Surveillance System is created. This program performs the systematic surveillance of food and chemical and biological contaminants that transmit diseases, it evaluates the diet that is offered in schools and workplace cafeterias and controls the monitoring of maternal and child nutrition. As a part of the system, monitoring sites are created in order to monitor food and nutrition in all provinces.