Estrategia Nacional para la Igualdad y la Erradicación de la Pobreza

General information

The National Strategy for Equality and Poverty Eradication (ENIEP) is an interdependent set of policies, guidelines, programs and mechanisms that guide the governance around the historic decision to eliminate poverty in Ecuador. It is based on the understanding of poverty’s causes, in order to provide sustainable solutions to the problems of inequality and social exclusion beyond compensatory social policy responses.

The ENIEP conceives poverty as a multidimensional phenomenon, which expresses a lack of aggregate opportunities, anomalies, deficiencies, discrimination, unacceptable violations, exclusive cultural patterns and unjust deprivation of rights that block the deployment of “Buen Vivir (Good Living)”. From a comprehensive perspective, the process of poverty eradication is valued from a multi sectoral approach that is enriched by the active participation of various public, private and community stakeholders included in the decision-making processes, seeking to generate structural changes to build a just and inclusive society.

For this, the ENIEP promotes inter sectoral and territorial coordination oriented towards diversification, increased productivity, elimination of asymmetries and expanding decent employment opportunities and income, particularly in the poorest population. Inter sectoral actions focus on the progressive elimination of poverty, within rural and urban territories, with emphasis on the population living in extreme poverty, taking advantage of the territorial endogenous potential. This is done through upward social mobility processes, based on three components: access to higher quality goods, productive revolution, labor and employment, and comprehensive protection for the lifecycle.

Country Ecuador
Type Estrategia
Classification Production conditions, Production, Post-production, Income, Food Aid, Sanitary conditions, Health and nutrition
Date 11.01.2014
Responsible institution

Comité Interinstitucional para la Erradicación de la Pobreza


General objective

The ENIEP as an instrument for inter-sectoral coordination of public policy, it constitutes an interdependent set of policies, guidelines and mechanisms that guide the management of the different levels of government around the historic decision to create a social and institutional effort to eradicate poverty in Ecuador. It is a roadmap for the implementation of the National Plan for Good Living 2013- 2017. Its aim is to "eradicate poverty in a sustained and sustainable manner, through productive revolution, labor and employment, the full exercise of the rights of Good Living, capacity building and opportunities, and the strengthening of citizen participation and popular power, to build a just and fraternal society."

Specific objectives

  • Guarantee satisfaction and universal access to constitutional rights of Good Living throughout the national territory with an emphasis on health, education, water, habitat and housing.
  • Promote economic justice and social equity through a productive revolution based on decent work, food sovereignty, generation and capacity building, and a popular and solidarity economy.
  • Ensure full protection to the life cycle of individuals and families with emphasis on priority groups.

Strategic priorities and guidelines

  • Health
    1. Develop mechanisms for the promotion and strengthening of health in the first levels of care considering gender dimensions, intercultural health and prioritization of priority and high vulnerability populations.
    2. Improve health care coverage of public health services and distribution of infrastructure and human resources.
    3. Strengthen the quality of health services.
  • Education
    1. Universalize primary and secondary education.
    2. Guarantee free goods and services needed for access and permanence in the educational system.
    3. Ensure the quality of the education system.
    4. Strengthen and upgrade technical and technological education as support for productive and social transformations of the country.
    5. Strengthen the quality, capacity and coverage of Higher Education.
    6. Generate capabilities through financial education.
  • Habitat and housing
    1. Promote the right to the city, defined as the enjoyment of the conditions that allow citizens to equally use and take advantage of a dignified urban space which should be sustainable, safe, healthy and free of architectural barriers.
    2. Promote the extension of coverage and quality of housing in both urban and rural areas, ensuring environmentally sound and safe conditions for the population.
    3. Promote the implementation of new technical and legal instruments in terms of land management, to ensure access to land and safe housing in urban and rural areas, as a preventive measure towards the occupation of high-risk areas and the proliferation of irregular human settlements.
  • Water and sanitation
    1. An expansion of the coverage of water and sanitation with a strategy that consists of prioritizing territories and funding, it must consider strengthening the capacities of Decentralized Autonomous Governments (GAD) at a municipal and metropolitan level in order to improve the management and administration of water projects and sanitation.
    2. Promote better management competence of potable water and sewerage for GAD at municipal and metropolitan levels.
    3. Promote access to quality water through mechanisms of regulation and control.
  • Work and decent employment
    1. Promoting full employment and decent work for all.
    2. Articulate employment generation policies with capacity building actions.
    3. Strengthen tourism.
  • Agrarian revolution and food sovereignty
    1. Improve the productivity of family farming and fishing, to achieve food sovereignty, economic justice and environmental sustainability.
    2. Improve production and marketing infrastructure: storage, transportation, community irrigation, electrification, communication, rural roads and digital connectivity.
    3. Stop degradation processes related to base production of natural resources linked to agricultural activities in rural areas.
  • Strengthening the popular and solidarity economy
    1. Build solidarity economies within proximity territories in order to establish complementary and sustainable business linkages, to qualitatively improve productivity gaps between different business associations.
    2. Constitute a public culture of knowledge that seeks the development of the productivity of solidarity small and medium businesses, establishing them as an integral part of the broader set of economic linkages.
    3. Promote the building of a broad base of joint producers seeking inclusive local development through partnerships and integrative generation proposals.
    4. Generate associativity mechanisms that encourage the development of tourism.
  • Social protection system
    1. Reformulate the Human Development Voucher to provide coverage against extreme poverty.
    2. Strengthen the system of social protection for priority groups.
  • Inclusive Social Security
    1. Strengthening the social security system towards its progressive universalization.
  • Care policies and protection of rights
    • Care policies
      1. Promoting coordination and comprehensiveness of care focused programs.
      2. Democratize work related to human and domestic care, and promote cultural changes that eliminate the sexual division of labor and care.
    • Rights Protection
      1. Establish coordination mechanisms between the executive branch, the judiciary and GAD.
      2. Improving access to the Right’s Protection System.
Target population

General population with an emphasis on the most vulnerable.