Environmental Strategy for Adaptation and Mitigation to Climate Change for Agriculture, Forestry and Aquaculture Sectors

General information

This Strategy addresses the problems associated with climate change in the agricultural sector, therefore the Ministry of Agriculture has developed a series of concrete actions to be implemented in each one of the different sub-sectors of agriculture, hand in hand with farmers, local governments, state institutions, NGOs and private sector in order to minimize any damage or loss that extreme weather events could cause, both related to infrastructure and production and crops.

It is designed to promote adaptation and mitigation practices towards climate change in the sector, with a comprehensive approach to sustainable management of territories, making knowledge and technical tools available to producers that will enable them to cope with this phenomenon.

Country El Salvador
Type Estrategia
Classification Emergencies and natural resources
Date 12.31.1969
Document http://www.mag.gob.sv/.../estrategia%20ambiental%202012.pdf
Website http://www.mag.gob.sv/
Responsible institution

Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG) (MAG)

MAG - Design the policy instrument in order to promote adaptation and mitigation practices towards climate change in the sector.


General objective

Contribute to the adaptation of the impacts of climate change on agriculture, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture sectors, with an approach of sustainable basin management while contributing to mitigating global warming as a co-benefit of adaptation efforts.

Specific objectives

  1. Reduce the vulnerability of rural areas to natural disasters, especially in the areas of greatest influence from agriculture, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture.
  2. Design mitigation and adaptation plans based on climate change adaptation for key partner areas related to food security for the population.
  3. Contribute to the sustainability of the Family Agriculture Plan with field actions related to environmental protection and adaptation to climate change.
  4. Institutional strengthening and implementing environmental management at all organizational levels within the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG).
  5. Promote knowledge management in order to incorporate environmental actions in production processes that can be replicated between actors in the territory.

Strategic areas

  • Capacity Building: This component aims create and build capacities among producers of the sectors that receive these benefits; the beneficiaries receive education and joint construction of a set of best practices for production, either through the mechanism of schools or by vocational training centers.
  • Innovation and technology transfer: This is one of the most important aspects on the issue of climate change adaptation and mitigation. It is therefore necessary to generate adequate and appropriate technologies that lead to improved crop productivity and other activities in the sector that are directly related to food security for the population. Therefore, innovation is considered as an essential focal point of new production inputs as well as transferring this knowledge to producers in order to achieve superior results.
  • Inter-agency cooperation: In order to achieve a greater range of impacts expected by the Strategy´s implementation, coordination and harmonization of actions and resources with other actors in the territories is needed: municipal governments, government agencies, associations, NGOs, international cooperation agencies, private industry, employers and producer associations, etc. Through the design, a same line of action is intended and envisioned for all territories so that all actors work to achieve the same purpose.
  • Institutional strengthening: For effective implementation of the actions outlined in the strategy it is necessary to have trained human resources and extensive knowledge of environmental issues.
  • Communication: The Strategy considers the use of the media to publicize what the MAG and its dependencies have implemented for the protection and conservation of the environment and in the process of adaptation and mitigation to climate change.
  • Citizen participation: The direct involvement of civil society, primarily agricultural producers, in the activities to be developed through the Strategy is important because it ensures transparency with which actions are implemented for the common welfare, in addition to strengthening social control in priority territories.


  1. Achieve a change regarding agricultural production practices as well as livestock, forestry, aquaculture and fishery in order to allow such activities to develop sustainably, contributing to and depending on healthy ecosystems in harmony with the environment and ensuring the sustainability of natural resources.
  2. Raise the awareness of agricultural, livestock, forestry, aquaculture, fish producers and agribusiness on the importance of implementing adaptation and mitigation actions to counter the effects of climate change on production.
  3. Reduce the risk of loss of agricultural, livestock, forestry, aquaculture and fisheries production due to the occurrence of adverse natural phenomena and animal-plant threats.
  4. Raise MAG official’s awareness regarding the application of environmental standards that contribute to the mitigation and adaptation to climate change.
  5. Innovate agricultural, forestry, aquaculture and fisheries’ technologies through their application which is conducive to adaptation and mitigation to climate change effects and food and animal security.
  6. Coordinate and integrate the territories’ actors in order to channel efforts towards the same direction in favor of the population.
  7. Harmonize legal frameworks in the field of competence of MAG with other institutions with similar responsibilities.
Target population

Agriculture, Forestry and Aquaculture Sector.