National Human Development Plan

General information

The Nicaraguan Government’s Plan which aims to create conditions in order to facilitate the full realization of Nicaraguans in a sovereign and independent country, together with other countries in the region. The Plan focuses on economic growth through increased work and reducing poverty and inequality, with macroeconomic stability, with sovereignty, security and integration for the benefit of Nicaraguan families.

Key concepts of the Plan:

  • Human Development: The concept of human development is expressed through increasing opportunities and capacities of individuals, ensuring effective respect of their rights and freedoms. In this sense, from a social perspective, human development is much more than the formation of "capabilities" through improvements in health or education, it also entails the provision and ensuring opportunities, from the State, that are necessary not only in order to guarantee survival and life but also for the effective exercise of freedoms for the full realization of human beings. This is a fundamental approach of the Model for Development of Citizen Power.
  • Education and Literacy: The Government of Reconciliation and National Unity, sees education as the cornerstone for development of the country, anticipating that it will contribute not only to reducing poverty and creating opportunities for sustainable development through academic training, technical, scientific and technological of the population, but also guarantee the right to education for everyone, as well as knowledge and understanding of all their rights and how to rescue and defend them.
  • Training and Education: Vocational training is one of the key factors in order to increase labor productivity of the workforce, incorporating technological innovation to add value to production and thus strengthen the economy, especially through the economic reactivation of micro, small and medium production.
Country Nicaragua
Type Plan
Date 2012 - 2016
Responsible institution

Gobierno de Nicaragua (GRUN)

Related institutions

Ministerio Agropecuario y Forestal (MAGFOR)

Ministerio de Educación (MINED)

Ministerio de Fomento, Industria y Comercio (MIFIC)

Ministerio de Economía Familiar, Comunitaria, Cooperativa y Asociativa (MEFCCA)

Instituto Nicaragüense de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA)

Instituto Nacional Tecnológico (INATEC)

Instituto Nicaragüense de Fomento Productivo (INFOCOOP)

Ministerio de la Familia, Adolescencia y Niñez

Ministerio de Salud (MINSA)

Ministerio de Gobernación (MIGOB)

Instituto Nicaragüense de Seguridad Social (INSS)

Procudoría de la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos (PDDH)

Instituto Nicaragüense de Cultura (INC)

Ministerio del Trabajo (MITRAB)

Instituto Nicaraguense de Deportes (IND)

Instituto Nicaraguense de la Mujer (INIM)

Ministerio del Ambiente y los Recursos Naturales (MARENA)


The PNDH aims to create conditions that facilitate the full realization of Nicaraguans in a sovereign and independent country, in conjunction with the Central American, Caribbean and Latin American fellow countries.

It is structured through twelve guidelines, whose purpose is to meet the needs of the productive and social transformation of the country:

  1. Economic growth and macroeconomic stability through increased work and reducing poverty and inequality.
  2. Strengthening of the Grand Alliance (“Gran Alianza”) between workers, producers and the government.
  3. Foreign policy and sovereign external cooperation which is independent and open to all countries of the world in fighting against poverty in order to benefit Nicaraguan families.
  4. Central American integration, union of Alba, and Latin American and Caribbean joint coordination through CELAC
  5. Public safety, fight against drug trafficking and organized crime.
  6. Integral Development of the Caribbean Coast
  7. Participatory governance and direct democracy
  8. The common good and social equity for Nicaraguan families.
  9. Science, technology, innovation and entrepreneurship for the transformation of Nicaragua.
  10. The productive sector prioritizing families, communities and the cooperative economy, and food sovereignty and security.
  11. Social infrastructure, transport, energy and production for the transformation of Nicaragua.
  12. Protecting Mother Earth and adaptation to climate change.
Target population

The target population is divided according to the various programs coordinated under this Plan, considering that its potential population is the entire Nicaraguan population.