Política Nacional para la Gestión Integral del Recurso Hídrico

General information

The National Policy for Integrated Water Resource Management (PNGIRH) establishes the objectives, strategies, Objective, indicators and strategic lines of action for the management of water resources in the country, with a horizon of 12 years.

Its overall objective is to ensure the sustainability of water resources through management and an efficient and effective use, articulate planning and land use and conservation of ecosystems that regulate water supply, considering water as a factor of economic development and social welfare, and implementing equitable processes and inclusive participation.

Country Colombia
Type Polìtica
Date 2009 - 2022
Document https://www.minambiente.gov.co/.../libro_pol_nal_rec_hidrico.pdf
Website https://www.minambiente.gov.co/...
Responsible institution

Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible (MinAmbiente)

Related institutions

National Planning Department (DNP)

Instituto de Hidrología, Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales (IDEAM)

Objectives

General objective

Ensure the sustainability of water resources through management and an efficient and effective use, articulate planning and land use and conservation of ecosystems that regulate water supply, considering water as a factor of economic development and social welfare, and implementing equitable processes and inclusive participation.

Specific objectives and strategies

  • Objective 1. Supply: Conserving ecosystems and hydrological processes that depend on the water supply for the country.
    • Strategy 1.1 - Knowledge: This strategy is aimed for understanding how ecosystems work and how they relate to other ecosystems and hydrological processes regarding the national water supply, based on this quantify the amount of water available in the country for different uses, including water required for the maintenance of ecosystems.
    • Strategy 1.2 - Planning: This strategy aims to establish specific guidelines regarding the river basin (coastal surface water, groundwater and marine), to guide the management and sustainable use of water, taking into account the dynamics of land occupation, so that the efficient use of water resources is guaranteed, while ensuring their preservation for future generations and the survival of ecosystems that depend on it.
    • Strategy 1.3 - Storage: This strategy is aimed at the restoration and preservation of ecosystems considered key for the regulation of water supply, such as aquifers, glaciers, moors, wetlands, mangroves, protection zones, protective forest strips, springs , aquifer recharge areas, marine and coastal areas, among others.
  • Objective 2. DEMAND: To characterize, quantify and optimize water demand in the country.
    • Strategy 2.1 - Characterization and quantification of water demand in priority basins: This strategy is aimed at measuring the level of priority basins (coastal surface, ground and sea water) supply and demand for water with sufficient detail to allocate efficiently and effectively water resources, identify and intervene not legalized uses in order to adjust them to current regulations, thus ensuring proper and permanent administration.
    • Strategy 2.2 - Incorporation of the integrated management of water resources in the main productive sectors of water users: This strategy aims to promote and support the adoption of integrated management tools for water use by the productive sectors of the country which are the major consumers of water.
    • Strategy 2.3 - efficient and sustainable water use: This strategy is aimed at strengthening the implementation of processes and saving technologies and efficient and sustainable use of water among the main consumers of water in the country and to promote behavioral change towards sustainable use of water resources among the common users of water resources.
  • Objective 3. QUALITY: Improving quality and minimizing pollution of water resources.
    • Strategy 3.1 - Planning and regulation of resource use: This strategy is aimed at the implementation of basin management, understood as coordinated planning land use, water, flora and fauna; also includes user registration and regulation of waters, understood as better distribution, considering the current distribution and future needs of users.
    • Strategy 3.2 - Reduction of pollution of water resources: This strategy aims to address the root causes and sources of pollution of water resources through preventive and corrective actions, prioritizing actions on the different types of pollution according to the particularities of the problem in each region.
    • Strategy 3.3 - Surveillance, monitoring and evaluation of water quality: This strategy aims to improve practices, surveillance tools and monitoring of water resources as a means for efficient water management and measure the achievement of Objective and objectives of the National Policy for GIRH.
  • Objective 4. RISKS: Develop comprehensive management of the risks associated with supply and water availability.
    • Strategy 4.1 - Generation and dissemination of information and knowledge about risk factors affecting supply and water availability: This strategy aims to improve knowledge about the causes and effects of the main risks affecting the supply and availability of water resources for different uses and to provide information to water users on how to prevent, manage and restore normal conditions.
    • Strategy 4.2 Incorporation of risk management associated with the availability and supply of water resources for planning instruments: This strategy aims to include risk management in the formulation and implementation of the main instruments of planning regarding water resources and to strengthen capacities in the field, the institutions in charge of environmental territorial, regional and local level planning.
    • Strategy 4.3 reduction measures and adaptation for risks associated with the water supply: This strategy aims to strengthen the formulation and implementation of adaptation and mitigation to climate variability and change on the part of users of water resources that are most exposed to these natural phenomena.
  • Objective 5. INSTITUTIONAL: create conditions for institutional strengthening in the integrated management of water resources.
    • Strategy 5.1 - Enhancing the capacity of public management of water resources: This strategy aims to strengthen the actions of environmental authorities in planning, management, monitoring and control of water resources and to improve its ability to connect to the main water users to participate in IGRH and local authorities coordinate with land-use planning based on supply and water availability, as well as control and monitoring of the resource.
    • Strategy 5.2 - Training, research and information management: This strategy aims to promote and develop research and management of information related to water resources, by public institutions or businesses, so that they contribute to understanding the state and evolution of water resources in the country, as a means of achieving good resource management.
    • Strategy 5.3 - regulatory review and coordination with other policies: This strategy is aimed at making adjustments, harmonizing and even regulatory developments necessary for the development of policy for IGRH and carries out joint actions of this policy with other environmental policies or sector that affect the integrated management of water resources.
    • Strategy 5.4 - Financial sustainability: This strategy aims to assess, prioritize and ensure the necessary for the implementation of the Policy for Integrated Water Resource Management, which is mainly implemented through the execution of investments from the National Water Plan.
  • Objective 6. GOVERNANCE: Consolidate and strengthen governance regarding the integrated management of water resources.
    • Strategy 6.1 - Participation: This strategy aims to encourage the development of mechanisms and participation spaces that encourage water users to take part of the integrated management of water resources and to make-up groups that supervise and publicly control investment and actions taken by public and private institutions, as well as for water users in general, of IGRH.
    • Strategy 6.2 - Water Culture: This strategy aims to increase water user’s awareness and knowledge about the importance of conserving and making sustainable use of water resources and to abolish unsustainable practices and habits related to water consumption.
    • Strategy 6.3 - Conflict Management: This strategy aims to provide environmental and territorial authorities, as well as water users, with tools to identify, treat and manage or resolve conflicts arising around the use, accessibility and / or affordability of water resources.