State Policy for the Agri-Food Sector and Rural Development for Costa Rica 2010-2021

General information

State Policy for the Agro-food Sector and Rural Development for Costa Rica contributes to the challenge faced by the country so as to create a food industry which is positioned as a pillar for Costa Rican development, in an inclusive, modern, competitive and environmentally responsible manner, constituting an important drive for improving life for agricultural and rural producers.

This State Policy is based on four themes:

  1. Competitiveness;
  2. Innovation and technological development;
  3. Management of rural areas and family farming; and
  4. Climate change and agro-environmental management.
Country Costa Rica
Type Polìtica
Date 2009 - 2021
Responsible institution

Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería (MAG)


General objective

Raise the living conditions of the population linked to the food industry in a globalized economy, to consolidate inclusive, sustainable and modern development, by improving competitiveness, innovation and technological development, management for the balanced development of rural areas and measures for adaptation and mitigation of climate change and agro-environmental management, supported by an efficient and effective coordination of public and private institutions.

Specific objectives

  1. Raising the level of competitiveness of the Costa Rican food sector, its contribution to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), exports, employment, productive investment, profitability and the income of producers through different programs and quality services that meet the demands of the productive sector.
  2. Strengthen and integrate innovative and agro food activities in order to generate and transfer technology and create relations between the various relevant public and private entities.
  3. Promote balanced development of rural areas and the rescue and improvement of family farming, which fosters proactive participation spaces and articulates with commercial channels, as well as improving rural economies and the sustainability of natural resources.
  4. Promote inter sectoral efforts to prevent, mitigate and adapt to climate change process and achieve management excellence of the agro-environment, which would enhance the sustainability of production processes, allow greater differentiation of the national export supply on world markets.


  • Competitiveness: It includes the following strategic areas: competitiveness plans for agricultural chains, efficient and effective market management, facilitation for agribusiness, infrastructure support production, financing and insurance for agricultural development, agro productive health, and knowledge management technologies information and communication.
  • Innovation and technological development: It includes the following strategic areas: research and innovation and capacity for innovation.
  • Management of rural areas and family farming: It contains the following strategic areas: rural economy of the territories and family farming.
  • Climate change and agro-environmental management: It contains the following strategic areas: climate variability and change, agricultural biodiversity, clean production, and sustainable management of land and other natural resources.
  • Transversal axes: management and institutional alignment. The implementation of the policies defined for the aforementioned pillars requires a set of specific policy actions leading to a comprehensive adjustment of public sector institutions.
Target population

Population linked to the food industry.