Programa Nacional de Reducción de la Pobreza Extrema

General information

This Program aims to, primarily, increase income and access to social services for families living in extreme poverty. In order to accomplish the aforementioned, differentiated support for families in the agricultural sector and nonagricultural are delivered, and coverage of flagship programs and social services is expanded. The program coordinates the actions of all public institutions that, in coordination, provide simultaneous responses related to the access to food, health, education, drinking water, safe and comfortable housing, and new jobs and better opportunity revenues for the most vulnerable families in Paraguay.

Country Paraguay
Type Polìtica
Classification Food Aid, Sanitary conditions, Income, Production, Post-production
Document http://www.sembrandooportunidades.gov.py/
Website http://www.sembrandooportunidades.gov.py/
Responsible institution

Secretaría Técnica de Planificación del Desarrollo Económico y Social (STP)

Technical Secretariat for Economic and Social Planning (STP) Manages Development and inter institutional coordination to the Program “Sembrando Opportunities (Planting Opportunities)”, it plans and coordinates territorial implementation. It facilitates the construction of agreements with communities and municipalities to achieve a territorial planning that allows efficient public spending and social service provision. It is responsible for monitoring and follow-up actions; it implements the “Ficha Social (Social Card)”, which is the registry for families who live in extreme poverty.

Related institutions

Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG) Asistencia técnica agropecuaria, mejoramiento de suelos, provisión de materiales, insumos y herramientas.

Ministry of Public Health and Social Welfare (MSPBS) Responsable de la Atención Primaria de la Salud -APS- mediante las Unidades de Salud Familiar - USF- en las comunidades vulnerables. Implementa todos sus programas de vacunación, atención pre-natal, nutrición para niños/as y otros.

Secretariat for Social Action (MDS) Implementa Tekepora, programa de Transferencia Monetaria Condicionada -TMC- con componentes de promoción social para las familias participantes.

Ministry of Education and Culture (MEC) Es responsable de la matriculación del 100 % de niños y niñas en los asentamientos. Asegura la gratuidad escolar y la entrega de kits de útiles.

Ministry of Finance (MH) Implementa la Pensión Alimentaria para Adultos Mayores.

National Secretariat for Children and Adolescents (MINNA) Implementa el programa Abrazo -TMC- y PAINAC, que garantiza el derecho a la identidad.

National Secretariat for Human Rights of Persons with Disabilities (SENADIS) Implementa las Ayudas técnicas para compensar, mitigar o neutralizar deficiencias, limitaciones y restricciones en la participación de las personas con discapacidad.

Directorate of Social Welfare and Assistance (DIBEN) Brinda asistencia alimentaria y asistencia en salud individual en medicina de alta complejidad.

National Electricity Administration (ANDE) Trabaja para el mejoramiento de las líneas de distribución de energía eléctrica.

National Environmental Sanitation Service (SENASA) Trabaja en la provisión de sistemas de agua potable y organiza las juntas de saneamiento.

National System for Training and Capacity Building (SINAFOCAL)

National Service for Vocational Promotion (SNPP) Capacitación en actividades agropecuarias, capacitación en actividades comerciales y de servicios, capacitación en actividades industriales.

National Secretary for Housing and Habitat (SENAVITAT) Construcción de viviendas.

Ministry of Public Works and Communications (MOPC) Construcción de puentes y rutas pavimentadas. Mantenimiento de caminos vecinales, puentes, y rutas pavimentadas. Generación de empleo mediante las obras públicas.

Objectives

General objective

Increase revenues and access to social services for families living in vulnerable conditions.

What it aims to achieve

  • Income generation
    Families who are engaged in agricultural production are given technical assistance, access to training, irrigation systems and modern technology that allow them to participate in production systems in which what is grown is primarily used for food security (grains, vegetables, animal protein, fruits) and, accordingly, to produce products that generate income. In addition, Decree 156 was implemented, which enables small farmers to sell their products directly to public institutions such as schools, hospitals, armed forces and prisons, and, thus, have a large market to sell their products. In the countryside, people who do not have an agricultural vocation can benefit from job creation through small and medium-sized public works of great local impact related to the construction and maintenance of roads, bridges and homes in priority territories. They also receive training to perform commercial activities, provide services, and participate in industrial activities and to develop their own business ideas.
  • Access to Basic Social Services
    It aims to provide all families with a decent, comfortable home with amenities and utilities, electricity, water, roads and access to roads, schools and health care within their own communities. Beyond these services, it also seeks to give opportunities to children of these families that their parents never had. This is achieved through the implementation of conditional cash transfer programs that ensure that children and youths have access to adequate food, receive their vaccines, participate in early childhood development programs and access all levels of education. For youths and adults, accesses to literacy programs are assured as well as basic education and professional initiations. In addition, at age 65 or over those who meet the eligibility requirements are assigned a Food Maintenance Pension.

Lines of action for income generation in the agricultural sector

  • Strengthening the capacity of families with agricultural vocation to diversify their areas of consumption and income. Provide technical and organizational assistance from the Food Production Program (PPA), the Sustainable Rural Development Project (PRODERS) and the Department of Agricultural Extension (DEAg).
  • Provide job training for young people in agricultural activities.
  • Facilitate and establish partnerships between the different stakeholders within the value chain and rural family farmers.
  • Implement Decree 1056, which is a legal framework that enables small farmers to sell their products directly to public institutions such as schools, hospitals, prisons and the armed forces.

Lines of action for income generation for the non-agricultural sector

  • It provides job training related to commercial activities and services for young people.
  • It provides job training related to industrial activities young people.
  • Promote employment and income generation through small and medium local impact public works, community infrastructure construction and maintenance of roads, bridges and homes in 120 prioritized settlements.

Lines of action for household access to basic social services

  • Strengthening and expansion of the Program Tekepora for 100,000 families in 2014. Tekepora is a Program that is intended for the most vulnerable families and works with CCTs.
  • Expand the coverage the Pension for Senior Citizens in order to reach 130 thousand people in 2014. Adults over the age of 65 receive an allowance equivalent to 25% of the minimum wage.
  • Provide 12,000 housing solutions: construction and improvement of housing.
  • Establish and strengthen Family Health Units in priority settlements and districts because of their vulnerable population.
  • Enrollment of 1005 children and youths. Distributed school supplies and implement school lunches.
Normative framework

Por Decreto Nº 291/2013 el Poder Ejecutivo declaró como prioridad nacional del Gobierno la meta "Reducción de la Pobreza" y encargó a la Secretaría Técnica de Planificación del Desarrollo Económico y Social -STP- la elaboración y gestión de un Programa Nacional de Reducción de Pobreza.

Target population

Women and men, youth and children, indigenous peoples, the elderly and people with disabilities, both in rural and urban areas that are living in vulnerable conditions. For the year 2014, 120 priority settlements have been defined for the rural area from governorates and 70 districts. In total, there are 120,000 families in vulnerable conditions that are considered within the Program Planting Opportunities.

Number of beneficiaries

2014: In total, there are 120,000 families in vulnerable conditions that considered within the Program Planting Opportunities.