Governance scheme and FNS policy coordination in El Salvador

National level FNS rectory

The National Council for Food Security and Nutrition (CONASAN) is the organization at an Executive level, and its agencies and institutions attached to it, responsible for the coordination of actions directed towards the formulation, monitoring and evaluation of the National Policy for Food Security and Nutrition. Its role is not to run, but to articulate interventions regarding Food Security and Nutrition.

For all technical and operational purposes, the CONASAN has a Technical Committee composed of one delegate from each of the constituent institutions and other members in the Executive authority, which are appointed by the President, who formulate the technical proposals that are subsequently submitted to CONASAN. The delegate from the Ministry of Social Inclusion coordinates the Technical Committee for Food Security and Nutrition (COTSAN) of CONASAN. Its members usually hold sessions every fifteen days and extraordinarily, when agreed upon, and as often as necessary.

Functions and attributions

The functions of the National Council for Food Security and Nutrition are:

  1. To develop the National Policy for Food Security and Nutrition; the Council can summon all members and constituents belonging to the Executive Branch that are considered necessary and, at the same time, can invite other State bodies, such as autonomous public institutions and even members of organized civil society. Once the National Policy for Food Security and Nutrition is drafted, CONASAN presents it to the Technical Secretariat of the Presidency for approval by the President, who agrees to the law’s adoption, publication and orders strict adherence;
  2. To draft and approve the National Action Plan for Food Security and Nutrition that makes the National Policy for Food Security and Nutrition operational;
  3. To develop regulation proposals for Food Security and Nutrition and formally present them to the President of the Republic for appropriate action;
  4. To approve project proposals for Food Security and Nutrition that are formulated by institutions of the Executive branch, or entities appointed to it, in relation to international cooperation, be it technical or financial, prior to the intervention of the Technical Secretariat of the Presidency and the Technical Secretariat for External financing of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs;
  5. To approve the different projects or actions proposed in support of international cooperation on the subject of Food Security and Nutrition, so that there is coherence and unity for said projects and actions, avoiding duplication of efforts and promoting the optimization of national and international resources;
  6. To develop methodological tools and technical mechanisms making it possible to monitor accurately and follow-up in detail the compliance of the National Policy for Food Security and Nutrition and the National Action Plan for Food Security and Nutrition;
  7. To assess the implementation of the National Policy for Food Security and Nutrition and the National Action Plan for Food Security and Nutrition, subsequently presenting the results of the evaluation to the President of the Republic in order to set out actions deemed appropriate;
  8. To submit an annual public report on the compliance of their duties and the implementation of the National Policy for Food Security and Nutrition and the National Action Plan for Food Security and Nutrition.
Conformation

The heads of the following institutions compose CONASAN:

  • Social Inclusion Secretariat of the Presidency of the Republic, who presides and coordinates;
  • Technical Secretariat of the Presidency of the Republic;
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock; and
  • Ministry of Public Health and Social Assistance.
Civil society and other actors participation in the FNS policy
Conformation formula

In reference to the process of creating the National Plan, which requires setting up spaces for a permanent consultation system with academic institutions, NGOs, international cooperation organizations and other entities from the civil society. This strategy enables the participation of communities in the design of programs and projects, facilitating their ownership and providing a basis of trust and the generation of awareness which provides a real State vision for the development of FSN (Food Security and Nutrition) and policies against poverty that, in turn, promote economic and social development for the country in a sustainable manner.

One of the functions of CONASAN is to develop the National Policy for Food Security and Nutrition, by which it can summon all and any members belonging to the Executive Branch and assigned to it which are considered necessary and, accordingly, it can invite other State bodies, official autonomous institutions and even members from the organized civil society.

Functions and attributions

This policy is a result of an extensive consultation process, starting with the people that the policy aims to reach. The person who actually faces the problem decides, in hand with active participation of different stakeholders. This approach applies in both the construction and follow-up phase through ongoing consultation, dialogue and consensus to create and expand priority programs to achieve FSN. Here, participation is understood as the construction of citizenship.

Coordination

CONASAN is the Executive level organization, as well as its agencies and institutions, in charge of the coordination of actions for the formulation, monitoring and evaluation of the National Policy for Food Security and Nutrition. The organization articulates the various efforts made by various national and international stakeholders to enhance the overall impact they generate in the fight against food insecurity and malnutrition.

Evaluation and monitoring

CONASAN is the organization responsible for monitoring the implementation of the policy. Furthermore, one of the policy’s specific objectives is to establish a monitoring system, evaluate and give an early warning for Food Security and Nutrition and the implementation of the policy.

The COTSAN establishes planning, monitoring and evaluation mechanisms and instruments for the implementation of the National Policy and its Plan, and they contribute directly to provide a more rational approach to the sector’s actions, by prioritizing and giving coherence to the set of actions through which the policy is implemented.

Funding

For the effectiveness of policy implementation it‘s necessary to mobilize internal and external resources to be used in an efficient and transparent manner and, thus, guarantee the effectiveness of the policy, its plan, programs and projects for Food Security and Nutrition. The National Plan has an implementation calendar and the financial requirements needed for its realization; it estimates the financial resources needed to implement each one of the actions defined by the policy, annually and for five years.

FNS Monitoring
Action description

El Observatorio Nacional de SAN – ONSAN, del CONASAN, es el espacio físico y virtual para la gestión del conocimiento en SAN en El Salvador y está conformado por siete componentes: Sistema de Información, Vigilancia, Monitoreo, Evaluación y Alerta Temprana de la Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional (SISAN); mapeo de actores; bases de datos; centro de documentación; aula virtual; foros de análisis en SAN, y; coyuntura de la SAN.

El SISAN es la plataforma tecnológica a través de la cual se recopila, sistematiza, procesa y divulga información de la SAN. El sistema informático del ONSAN está en su fase inicial de desarrollo.

Action coordination

La coordinación de las acciones de monitoreo de SAN corresponde al CONASAN y es apoyada y facilitada por el ONSAN. El COTSAN con apoyo de la Dirección Ejecutiva de CONASAN establece los mecanismos e instrumentos de seguimiento y evaluación de la ejecución de la Política y del Plan Nacional de SAN, y contribuye de manera directa a la coordinación intersectorial.

Involved sectors

Las principales fuentes de información de SAN son la Dirección General de Estadística y Censos, Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería a través de la Dirección General de Economía Agropecuaria, y Ministerio de Salud por medio de la Dirección de Vigilancia Sanitaria; además de organismos regionales e internacionales vinculados con la SAN. Sin embargo, se puede decir que todos los Ministerios que componen el COTSAN están involucrados.

Main monitoring topics

Están disponibles, en el sitio del ONSAN, informaciones sociales, económicas y sobre las dimensiones de SAN relativas a disponibilidad, acceso, consumo de alimentos, estado nutricional y utilización biológica. Estos se encuentran desglosados a nivel nacional, departamental y municipal.