Governance scheme and FNS policy coordination in Mexico
At a Federal Level, the National Program Mexico Without Hunger 2014-2018 is constituted as the Mexican State’s main effort to eradicate hunger and rural poverty, which continues to apply planning, control, monitoring and evaluation mechanisms of the National System for the Crusade Against Hunger. This program is articulated by the Inter-secretarial Commission of the National Crusade Against Hunger, which is headed by the Secretariat for Social Development (known in Spanish for its acronym: SEDESOL).
The entities established for participation, in the National System for the Crusade Against Hunger for the development of the National Program Mexico Without Hunger 2014-2018, are:
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To strengthen the coordination of the System, the main mechanism used is the Comprehensive Agreements for Inclusive Social Development (known in Spanish as “Ácuerdos Integrales para el Desarrollo Social Incluyente”). These formal agreements are promoted by SEDESOL with states and municipalities in order to avoid duplication of efforts, to organize and coordinate public action, but, furthermore, to generate an integrated policy that will facilitate and make effective the exercise of social rights.
The Comprehensive Agreements contribute to the implementation of a strategy guided by institutional coordination criteria that results in comprehensive special attention and participation. These formal agreements are signed legal documents between SEDESOL and the Governor of each state that participates.
The National Program has a follow up and monitoring system in order to detect implementation problems and execution of actions in a timely manner, and, additionally, to establish ongoing improvement processes. For the aforementioned, it has different tools, which include:
- The inclusion of Community Committees in “Participatory Monitoring” tasks, these include evaluation, monitoring and follow-up actions.
- Municipal presidents or mayors carry out follow up and monitoring actions, which are the responsible parties closest to the communities.
- Civil society organizations, through the National Council and its state equals, drive an independent monitoring system.
- The Expert Committee reviews and emits opinions on alternatives for social program improvements.
- With their single registry system (known as “Sistema de Padrón Único”) supported by personal identification cards, a comprehensive system is created which enables the revision of proper focalization and the identification of issues at a household or individual level.
- Improvements for social policy are reviewed and proposed within the framework of the Inter-Secretarial Commission of Social Development and with its counterparts at a state and municipal level.
In support of the latter, a control panel is used to enable follow-up to commitments that are established with entities within investment matrices. Additionally, a Certification Protocol of Priority Attention Criteria was created, within the framework of the National Crusade Against Hunger, with 19 to 46 defined criteria. Through the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (CONEVAL) an evaluation process has been defined which includes a specific timetable for the monitoring of the actions related to the Crusade. In its third regular session, the Inter-Secretarial Commission of the Crusade passed a resolution that CONEVAL’s evaluation mechanism shall be used for the evaluation of the National Crusade Against Hunger. For this evaluation, CONEVAL intends to conduct a biennial multidimensional measurement of poverty at a national level and for every state, using the socioeconomic conditions module from their national household survey on income and expenditures (named in Spanish: “Módulo de Condiciones Socioeconómicas de la Encuesta Nacional de Ingreso y Gasto de los Hogares” (ENIGH)). In addition, CONEVAL will measure municipal multidimensional poverty every five years, coinciding with censuses and population counts. This work will be very useful in order to monitor relevant indicators related to the National Crusade Against Hunger and to evaluate the effectiveness of the strategy, particularly the size of the target population, for example people that live in extreme poverty related to FSN. Finally, actions are assessed by the General Auditor of the Federation (“Auditor Superior de la Federación”) and by the supervisory bodies within the different states.
In accordance with Article 134 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States, the use of resources provided for the programs related to the National Program Mexico Without Hunger will be administered efficiently, effectively, with economy, transparency and honesty, in order to meet the purposes for which they are intended.
In compliance with Federal Law of Transparency, the National Program Mexico Without Hunger considers mechanisms for the following:
I. To provide what is necessary so that any person can have access to information through simple and expeditious procedures;
II. Make public administration transparent by disseminating information created by the entities bound by the obligation;
III. To ensure the protection of personal data that is held by the entities bound by this obligation;
IV. To encourage accountability towards citizens, so that they can assess the obliged entities’ performance;
V. To improve organization, classification and handling of documents, and
VI. To contribute to the democratization of Mexican society and the full rule of law.
Social participation structures considered by the Program emphasize on the importance of providing enough information for local governments and communities, so they actively participate in planning, monitoring and evaluating actions for the aforementioned Program. Community Committees are incorporated into actions regarding “Participatory Monitoring”, which include tasks such as evaluation, follow-up and monitoring of the Crusade’s actions.
In addition to evaluation actions, independent evaluation is developed by organizations from civil society and academia. Furthermore, information systems and registries are improved so that any citizen can access the actions related to the Program. Finally, in compliance with transparency regulations, the National Program Mexico Without Hunger will be published in the following website http://www.sedesol.gob.mx, a day after it is published in the Official Journal of the Federation, as well as its progress and indicators.
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