Governance scheme and FNS policy coordination in Ecuador

National level FNS rectory

The Presidency of the Plurinational and Intercultural Conference for Food Sovereignty (COPISA) coordinates the actions of the System for Food Sovereignty and Nutrition (SISAN).The COPISA is an entity based on citizen power, the Organic Law for Food Sovereignty (LORSA) institutes it. Formally, it is set up as a Citizen Sectoral Council of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries.

Functions and attributions
  1. Approve internal regulations that govern its operation;
  2. Generate a broad participatory discussion process, with the aim to draft proposals regarding laws that regulate, among other issues: the use and access to land, territories, communities; seeds and agricultural biodiversity; agricultural development; agribusiness and agricultural employment; animal and plant health; agro-ecology; trade and food supply; health, nutrition and food consumption; fishing, aquaculture and mangroves; citizen access to public credit; insurance and food subsidies;
  3. Propose and recommend, to the different levels of government, the formulation and implementation of policies, plans, programs and projects related to food sovereignty;
  4. Propose rules and agreements to ensure full compliance with the Organic Law for Food Sovereignty by public and private institutions;
  5. Advise to sign agreements between development cooperation and technical assistance entities, national or international, and competent national institutions that work in the area of food sovereignty;
  6. Exercise observance for compliance of the objectives of this Law;
  7. Propose research topics in the area of food sovereignty to higher education institutions and legally accredited research centers;
  8. Develop and adopt an operational plan, that suits the National Development Plan;
  9. Issue an annual management and accountability report;
  10. Conduct permanent training and capacity building activities regarding the system for food sovereignty, health and nutrition, through workshops, forums and seminars; Y,
  11. Other functions and attributions mentioned in the Law and its regulations.
Conformation

The Plurinational and Intercultural Conference for Food Sovereignty is composed of nine representatives from the civil society, they are selected and appointed by the Council for Citizen Participation and Social Control, through a process of open competition based on merit and opposition, in which citizens whose activity is related to food sovereignty, health and nutrition may participate. These belong to the following sectors of civil society:

  1. A representative from the universities, polytechnics and research centers;
  2. A representative for consumers;
  3. A representative for small and medium producers;
  4. A representative for small and medium farmers;
  5. A representative for the small and medium breeders;
  6. A representative for artisanal fishermen and gatherers;
  7. A representative for the aquaculture sector;
  8. A representative for peasants and irrigators; Y,
  9. A representative for the indigenous, Afro-Ecuadorian and Montubio people, from the different communes, communities, peoples and nationalities.
Civil society and other actors participation in the FNS policy
Conformation formula

The Plurinational and Intercultural Conference for Food Sovereignty is composed of nine representatives from the civil society, they are selected and appointed by the Council for Citizen Participation and Social Control, through a process of open competition based on merit and opposition, in which citizens whose activity is related to food sovereignty, health and nutrition may participate. These belong to the following sectors of civil society:

  1. A representative from the universities, polytechnics and research centers;
  2. A representative for consumers;
  3. A representative for small and medium producers;
  4. A representative for small and medium farmers;
  5. A representative for the small and medium breeders;
  6. A representative for artisanal fishermen and gatherers;
  7. A representative for the aquaculture sector;
  8. A representative for peasants and irrigators; Y,
  9. A representative for the indigenous, Afro-Ecuadorian and Montubio people, from the different communes, communities, peoples and nationalities.
Functions and attributions
  1. Approve internal regulations that govern its operation;
  2. Generate a broad participatory discussion process, with the aim to draft proposals regarding laws that regulate, among other issues: the use and access to land, territories, communities; seeds and agricultural biodiversity; agricultural development; agribusiness and agricultural employment; animal and plant health; agro-ecology; trade and food supply; health, nutrition and food consumption; fishing, aquaculture and mangroves; citizen access to public credit; insurance and food subsidies;
  3. Propose and recommend, to the different levels of government, the formulation and implementation of policies, plans, programs and projects related to food sovereignty;
  4. Propose rules and agreements to ensure full compliance with the Organic Law for Food Sovereignty by public and private institutions;
  5. Advise to sign agreements between development cooperation and technical assistance entities, national or international, and competent national institutions that work in the area of food sovereignty;
  6. Exercise observance for compliance of the objectives of this Law;
  7. Propose research topics in the area of food sovereignty to higher education institutions and legally accredited research centers;
  8. Develop and adopt an operational plan, that suits the National Development Plan;
  9. Issue an annual management and accountability report;
  10. Conduct permanent training and capacity building activities regarding the system for food sovereignty, health and nutrition, through workshops, forums and seminars; Y,
  11. Other functions and attributions mentioned in the Law and its regulations.
Coordination

Regarding coordination, COPISA produces the following products and by-products: technical consultancy reports, suggestions and proposals on issues related to food sovereignty; and treaties and signed agreements.

To perform its responsibilities, COPISA can:

  • Coordinate public participation forums, created for the discussion of food sovereignty by Decentralized Autonomous Governments and Special Regimes.
  • Coordinate with other sectoral ministries and executive institutions, the National Legislative Assembly, the Decentralized Autonomous Governments and civil society organizations.
  • Establish cooperative relationships and coordinate actions with social organizations of food consumers and producers, managers and technicians from national and indigenous people, black communities, the Montubio people, Cholas and mestizo.
  • Establish cooperative relations and coordinate with social organizations of producers and consumers, managers and technicians of the indigenous peoples and nationalities, black, Montubio, Cholas and mestizo. Create opportunities for coordination at the local, provincial regional level with local officials of the National Secretariat of Planning and Development (SENPLADES), ministries, provincial councils, municipalities, parish councils and other public institutions at a local level. Additionally, a consolidated space for social coordination exists, in which more than 90 social organizations across the country are integrated.
  • Coordinate with all producer and consumer organizations, the ministries, the Ministry for Coordination of Production, Employment and Competitiveness, the Secretariat of Peoples, Social Movements and Public Participation, the National Secretariat of Planning and Development, the National Assembly and Decentralized Autonomous Governments.
Evaluation and monitoring

The COPISA has within its powers to design a monitoring and evaluation system to follow-up on the process of participatory construction of public policies and laws related to food sovereignty.

Accountability

The COPISA issues an annual management and accountability report and must strengthen, build and innovate on forms of social control and accountability for its principals.

FNS Monitoring
Action description

Desde 2009 el Ministerio de Coordinación de Desarrollo Social y la FAO vienen trabajando en la construcción participativa del Sistema de Indicadores de Soberanía y Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional - SISSAN, a fin de organizar los datos dispersos y poner a disposición de los usuarios información relativa a esta temática en un solo sistema, que será parte del Sistema Integrado de Indicadores Sociales del Ecuador (SIISE). El SISSAN ofrecerá en línea indicadores de más de 100 variables de soberanía y seguridad alimentaria del Ecuador, y tiene el propósito de proveer información para diferentes actores, entre ellas, autoridades nacionales y profesionales del área de soberanía y seguridad alimentaria dentro de sus programas locales. El SISSAN permitirá la búsqueda de varios indicadores de acuerdo con las dimensiones: disponibilidad, acceso, salud y nutrición.

Action coordination

La Secretaría Nacional de Planificación y Desarrollo – SENPLADES, administra y coordina la planificación nacional en forma participativa, incluyente y descentralizada, en su labor establece objetivos y políticas estratégicas sustentadas en procesos de información, investigación, capacitación, seguimiento y evaluación; a fin de orientar la inversión pública y promover la democratización del Estado, a través de una activa participación ciudadana, que contribuya a una gestión pública transparente y eficiente.

Esto sin lugar a dudas invita a que las instituciones trabajen de manera coordinada de tal forma que se consiga intervenciones con mayores y mejores impactos para de esta forma dar soluciones sostenibles a la población, especialmente en temas relacionados a la situación de la SSAN del Ecuador.

Involved sectors
  1. Ministerio Coordinador de Desarrollo Social, encargado del SIISE y el SISSAN.
  2. Secretaría Nacional de Planificación del Desarrollo – SENPLADES

Fuentes de datos para el SIISE: Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas y Censos (INEC), Banco Central, Ministerio de Salud Pública, Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganadería, Acuacultura y Pesca.

Main monitoring topics

Desnutrición crónica infantil, sobrepeso y obesidad, muerte prenatal, hábitos de consumo, pobreza, pobreza extrema y otros