Governance scheme and FNS policy coordination in Brazil

National level FNS rectory

The Inter-ministerial Chamber of Food Security and Nutrition (CAISAN) is the competent executive authority, which with CONSEA, formulates and coordinates the FSN policy of the country under the framework of SISAN. The Executive Secretariat of CAISAN is the MDS (Ministry of Social Development and Hunger Alleviation).

Functions and attributions
  1. Develop, from guidelines issued by the National Council for Food Security and Nutrition (CONSEA): a) The National Policy for Food Security and Nutrition, indicating their guidelines and tools for its implementation; b) the National Plan for Food Security and Nutrition, stating goals, funding sources and instruments tracking, monitoring and evaluating its implementation.
  2. Coordinate the implementation of the National Policy and Plan for Food Security and Nutrition, through: a) Permanent dialogue between the CONSEA and enforcement bodies; b) monitoring the proposals of the multiannual plan, budget guidelines according to law and annual budget.
  3. Monitor and evaluate the destination of resources and the implementation of actions and programs regarding Food Security and Nutrition in the multi-annual plan and annual budgets.
  4. Monitor and evaluate the results and impact of the Policy and the National Plan for Food Security and Nutrition.
  5. Articulate and promote the integration of policies and plans of the states and the Federal District.
  6. Ensure that CONSEA’s analysis is followed-up, taken into account and monitored through the presentation of periodic reports by government institutions.
  7. Define the criteria (presented by CONSEA) and procedures of participation in the SISAN, and
  8. Develop and adopt internal regulation.
Conformation

The CAISAN will be chaired by the Secretary General of CONSEA and is composed of government representatives and deputies of CONSEA, according to Decree No. 6,272 / 2007 which states competencies, composition and operation of the CONSEA.

1°- The following members shall exercise government representation within the CONSEA:

Ministers of State belonging to the following:

  1. Civil Office of the Presidency of the Republic;
  2. Social Development and Hunger Alleviation;
  3. Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Supply;
  4. Cities;
  5. Agrarian Development;
  6. of Education;
  7. Finance;
  8. Environment;
  9. Planning, Budget and Management;
  10. of Health;
  11. Labor and Entrepreneurship;
  12. National Integration;
  13. Science and Technology;
  14. Foreign Affairs;
  15. General Secretariat of the Presidency of the Republic;

The Special Secretaries that participate:

  1. the Special Secretariat of Aquaculture and Fisheries of the Presidency of the Republic;
  2. the Special Secretariat of Policies for Women of Presidency of the Republic;
  3. the Special Secretariat for Human Rights of the Presidency of the Republic;
  4. the Special Secretariat for the Promotion of Racial Equality of the Presidency of the Republic.
Civil society and other actors participation in the FNS policy
Conformation formula

CONSEA shall be composed of 57 members and deputies, of which 2/3 will be representatives of civil society and 1/3 government representatives and observers.

A representative of civil society will chair, designated by the Council from among its members and appointed by the President.

Representatives of civil society:

i. Ministers of State belonging to:

a. Civil Office of the Presidency of the Republic;

b. Social Development and Hunger Alleviation;

c. Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Supply;

d. Cities;

e. Agrarian Development;

f. of Education;

g. Finance;

h. Environment;

i. Planning, Budget and Management;

j. of Health;

k. Labor and Entrepreneurship;

l. National Integration;

m. Science and Technology;

n. Foreign Affairs;

o. General Secretariat of the Presidency of the Republic;

The Special Secretaries:

a. the Special Secretariat of Aquaculture and Fisheries of the Presidency of the Republic;

b. the Special Secretariat of Policies for Women of Presidency of the Republic;

c. the Special Secretariat for Human Rights of the Presidency of the Republic;

d. the Special Secretariat for the Promotion of Racial Equality of the Presidency of the Republic.

The National Conference for Food Security and Nutrition will establish criteria to choose the Representatives from civil society.

The following currently represent civil society:

i. One member and one deputy member of the Pastoral da Criança, which is an organism of Acción Social of the Conferencia Nacional de los Obispos de Brasil - CNBB.

ii. One member and one deputy member of the Confederação Nacional da Agricultura (CNA), which is a system that represents rural Brazilian producer’s interests at a federal level, the Federaciones de Agricultura serve at the state level and the Sindicatos Rurales serve at a municipal level.

iii. One specialist and one research member of the Universidade Estadual de Campinas and one deputy specialist and research member of the Instituto Superior de Filosofía Berthier.

iv. One member and one deputy member of the Associação Brasileira de Pós-graduação em Saúde Coletiva (Abrasco), which is an association that serves as support and coordination mechanism between training centers, education and investigation regarding Collective Health.

v. One member and one deputy member of the Articulação dos Povos Indígenas do Nordeste, Minas Gerais e Espírito Santo (Apoinme), a commission created to respond for the need of establishing permanent communication between the Indigenous People and Communities in the northeast and east regions.

vi. One member and one deputy member of the Articulação Nacional de Agroecologia (ANA), comprises different movements, networks and organizations that develop concrete experiences of promoting agro-ecology, strengthening family farming and construction of sustainable alternatives for rural development.

vii. One member and one deputy member of the Confederação Nacional dos Trabalhadores da Agricultura (Contag), Confederation of 27 Federations of Workers in Agriculture, 4000 Unions of Workers and Rural Workers.

viii. One member and one deputy member of the Fórum Brasileiro de Soberania e Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional (FBSSAN).

ix. One member and one deputy member of the Rede Evangélica Nacional de Ação Social (Renas).

x. One member and one deputy member of the Coordenação Nacional das Comunidades Negras Rurais Quilombolas (Conaq).

xi. One member and one deputy member of the Instituto de Estudos Socieconômicos (Inesc).

xii. One member of the Agentes de Pastoral Negros (APN) and one deputy member of the Rede de Mulheres Negras para a Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional (Mulheres Negras FSN).

xiii. One member and one deputy member of the Fórum Nacional de Reforma Urbana (FNRU).

xiv. One member specialist/researcher from the Universidade de Brasilia and one deputy member from the Centro Universitário UNI NOVAFAPI.

xv. One member and one deputy member of the Federação Nacional dos Trabalhadores e Trabalhadoras na Agricultura Familiar do Brasil (Fetraf).

xvi. One member specialist/researcher from the Universidade Federal do Ceará ando one member specialist/investigator from the Universidade Estadual de Campinas.

xvii. One member and one deputy member of the Rede Nacional de Mobilização Social (Coep).

xviii. One member of the Cáritas Brasileira and one deputy member of the Coordenação Nacional de Pastorais Sociais.

xix. One member and one deputy member of the Ação da Cidadania.

xx. One member of the Coordenação das Organizações Indígenas da Amazônia Brasileira (Coiab) and one deputy member of the Articulação dos Povos Indígenas da Região Sul (Arpinsul).

xxi. One member of the Associação em Áreas de Assentamento no Estado do Maranhão (Assema) ando one deputy member of the Conselho Nacional das Populações Extrativistas.

xxii. One member and one deputy member of the Fórum Brasileiro de Soberania e Segurança Alimentar (FBSSAN).

xxiii. One member and one deputy member of the Associação Brasileira da Indústria de Alimentos (Abia).

xxiv. One member of the Instituto Brasileiro de Defesa do Consumidor (Idec) and one deputy member of the Instituto Alana.

xxv. One member and one deputy member of the Ação Brasileira pela Nutrição e Direitos Humanos (Abrandh).

xxvi. One member and one deputy member of the Rede de Informação e Ação pelo Direito a se Alimentar (Fian).

xxvii. One member and one deputy member of the Articulação no Semi-árido Brasileiro (ASA).

xxviii. One member of the Rede Nacional de Religiões Afro-brasileiras e Saúde and one deputy member of the Fórum Nacional de Seegurança Alimentar e Nutricional de Povos de Terreiro.

xxix. One member and one deputy member of the Comissão Nacional da Rede da Educação Cidadã.

xxx. One member of the Federação Nacional das Associações de Celíacos do Brasil (Fenacelbra) and one deputy member of the Associação Nacional de Assistência ao Diabético (Anad).

xxxi. One member and one deputy member of the Fórum Brasileiro de Soberania e Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional (FBSSAN).

xxxii. One member of the Movimento de Mulheres Camponesas (MMC) and one member of the Movimento dos Pequenos Agricultores (MPA).

xxxiii. One member of the Fórum Brasileiro de Economia Solidária ando one deputy member of the União Nacional das Cooperativas da Agricultura Familiar e Economia Solidária (Unicafes).

xxxiv. One member specialist/researcher of the Universidade Federal do Paraná and one deputy member of the Universidade Federal Fluminense.

xxxv. One member of the Conselho Federal de Nutricionistas (CFN) and one deputy member of the Associação Brasileira de Nutrição (Asbran).

xxxvi. One member of the Central Única dos Trabalhadores (CUT).

xxxvii. One member of the Central Geral dos Trabalhadores do Brasil (CGTB).

Observers may be a part of CONSEA if they are representatives of councils at the federal level, international organizations and the Public Prosecutor’s Office, as long as they are appointed by the representatives of their respective institutions and by invitation of the President of CONSEA.

CONSEA is currently comprised of representatives from:

i. Actionaid Brasil

ii. Associação Brasileira de Centrais de Abastecimento

iii. Assessoria Especial da Presidência da República

iv. Caixa Econômica Federal

v. Comissão Especial à Alimentação Adequada do Conselho de Defesa dos Direitos da Pessoa humana

vi. Confederação das Mulheres do Brasil

vii. Conselho de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social (Cdes)

viii. Conselho Nacional de Assistência Social (CNAS)

ix. Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Rural Sustentável (Condraf)

x. Conselho Nacional de Economia Solidária (CNES)

xi. Conselho Nacional de Saúde

xii. Conselho Nacional do Meio Ambiente (Conama)

xiii. Frente Parlamentar de Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional Nacional

xiv. Food Security Network

xv. Fundação Banco do Brasil

xvi. Fundo das Nações Unidas para a Infância (Unicef)

xvii. Heifer do Brasil

xviii. Instituto Interamericano de Cooperação para a Agricultura (IICA)

xix. Instituto Nacional do Câncer

xx. Itaipu Binacional

xxi. Ministério Público Federal

xxii. Organização das Nações Unidas para a Educação, a Ciência e a Cultura (Unesco).

xxiii. Organização das Nações Unidas para Agricultura e Alimentação (FAO)

xxiv. Organização Panamericana da Saúde (Opas)

xxv. Oxfam Internacional

xxvi. Programa Mundial de Alimentos

xxvii. Programa das Nações Unidas para o Desenvolvimento (Pnud)

xxviii. Relatoria do Direito Humano à Terra, ao Território e à Alimentação.

xxix. Serviço Brasileiro de Apoio as Micro e Pequenas Empresas (Sebrae)

xxx. Serviço Nacional de Aprendizagem Rural (Senar)

xxxi. Serviço Social da Indústria (Sesi)

xxxii. Serviço Social do Comércio (Sesc)

xxxiii. Talher Nacional

The President of the Republic shall appoint the representatives of civil society, members and deputy members, as well as government deputy representatives.

Functions and attributions

CONSEA:

  1. Convene the National Conference for Food Security and Nutrition, with a frequency of at least every four years.
  2. Define the considerations of composition, organization and functioning of the Conference.
  3. Propose to CAISAN, from deliberations of the National Conference for Food Security and Nutrition, guidelines and priorities of the National Policy and Plan for Food Security and Nutrition, including budgetary requirements for its attainment.
  4. Articulate, track and monitor, in collaboration with other members of SISAN, the implementation and convergence of actions related to the Policy and the National Plan for Food Security and Nutrition.
  5. Define, in cooperation with the CAISAN, criteria and procedures for membership to SISAN.
  6. Institute permanent mechanisms of coordination with fellow agencies and entities related to Food Security and Nutrition in the States, the Federal District and the municipalities, with the objective of promoting dialogue and convergence of actions involving SISAN.
  7. Mobilize and support the institutions of civil society in the discussion and implementation of the National Policy for Food Security and Nutrition.
  8. Stimulate the expansion and improvement of mechanisms of participation and social control of the actions of the National Policy and Plan for Food Security and Nutrition.
  9. Ensure the achievement of the human right to adequate food and its effectiveness.
  10. Maintain permanent coordination with other national councils concerning actions associated with the Policy and the National Nutrition and Food Security Plan
  11. Maintain coordination with similar foreign institutions and international organizations.
  12. Develop and adopt internal regulation.

Likewise, the CONSEA will promote the creation of state and municipal councils for Food Security and Nutrition.

In addition, the CONSEA will maintain constant dialogue with CAISAN for the proposal of guidelines and priorities for the National Policy and Plan for Food Security and Nutrition, and will determine the budgetary requirements for its attainment.

National Conference for Food Security and Nutrition:

  1. Indicate guidelines and priorities for the National Policy and the Plan for Food Security and Nutrition to CONSEA;
  2. Evaluate the implementation of the National Policy and the Plan.

Private entities: May form partnerships, sign contracts and agreements with bodies and agencies for Food Security and Nutrition of the Union.

Agencies and entities of Food Security and Nutrition of the Union, of the States, the Federal District and Municipalities: Interact with CAISAN and agree on the management and integration of programs and actions of the Plan for FSN.

Agencies and entities of the Federal Executive Branch:

  1. Hold responsibility for the implementation of programs and actions of the Plan for FSN.
  2. Participate in CAISAN.
  3. Participate in the development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the Pan for FSN.
  4. Interact with state managers, districts and municipalities in their respective sectors for implementation of the National Policy and Plan for FSN.
  5. Monitor and evaluate programs and actions within its competence, as well as providing information to the CAISAN and CONSEA.
  6. Create, within the scope of its programs and actions, mechanisms and instruments of enforcement of the human right to adequate food.

Agencies and entities of the State and the Federal District will:

  1. Implement Governmental Inter-sectoral Chambers for FSN, with competencies similar to the CAISAN.
  2. Institutionalize and support to the operation of state or district councils for FSN.
  3. Prepare, implement, monitor and evaluate the Plans for FSN.
  4. Interact and negotiate with the CAISAN in tripartite forums on management mechanisms and cooperation for integrated national, state, district and municipal plans for Food Security and Nutrition implementation.
  5. In the case of the States, institutionalize bipartite forums for dialogue and negotiate with representatives from the municipalities’ Governmental Inter-sectoral Chamber for FSN regarding the mechanisms of management and implementation of state and municipal plans for FSN.
  6. Create, regarding programs and actions for Food Security and Nutrition, execution mechanisms and instruments for the enforceability of the human right to adequate food.
  7. Monitor and evaluate programs and actions within its competence, as well as providing information to Governmental Inter-sectoral Chambers and FSN Councils.

Agencies and municipal entities will:

  1. Implement Governmental Inter-sectoral Chambers for FSN, with competencies similar to the CAISAN.
  2. Institutionalize and support to the operation of state or district councils for FSN.
  3. Prepare, implement, monitor and evaluate the Plans for FSN.
  4. Institutionalize bipartite forums for dialogue and negotiate with representatives from the States’ Governmental Inter-sectoral Chambers for FSN regarding the mechanisms of management and implementation of national, state and municipal plans for FSN.
  5. Monitor and evaluate programs and actions within their own competence, as well as provide information to Governmental Inter-sectoral Chambers and FSN Councils.
Coordination

The Inter-ministerial Chamber for Food Security and Nutrition was created with the objective of promoting coordination and integration of the agencies and entities of the federal public administration related Food Security and Nutrition. Within its competency is to coordinate the implementation of the National Policy and Plan for Food Security and Nutrition.

The National Council for Food Security and Nutrition, as the President of the Republic’s advising council that integrates SISAN, has within its functions (in coordination with the CAISAN) to: define the criteria and procedures for membership to SISAN; to establish permanent mechanisms of coordination agencies and entities related to Food Security and Nutrition; and to maintain communication and coordination with foreign institutions and international organizations.

Evaluation and monitoring

One of SISAN’s objectives is to promote tracking, monitoring and evaluation for Food Security and Nutrition in the country.

The Surveillance System for Food Security and Nutrition’s (SISVAN) main objective is to monitor the eating habits and nutritional status of the people served by the Unified Health System (SUS), at all stages of their lives.

CAISAN must specify the instruments for monitoring and evaluation for the implementation of the Policy and Plan for Food Security and Nutrition. It should also monitor and evaluate assignment and the implementation of actions and programs regarding Food Security and Nutrition. Additionally, it must monitor and evaluate the results and impact of the Policy and Plan for Food Security and Nutrition. It also must ensure follow up on the analysis and recommendations made by CONSEA by government agencies, submitting periodic reports.

CONSEA, must articulate, follow up and monitor, in coordination with other members of SISAN, the implementation and convergence of actions regarding the Policy and Plan for Food Security and Nutrition. It also notes that CONSEA must monitor the implementation of mechanisms and instruments of enforcement of the human right to adequate food.

The National Conference for Food Security and Nutrition is responsible for evaluating the implementation of the National Policy and Plan for FSN. Agencies and entities that are members of the Union for FSN, the states, the Federal District and the municipalities have within their powers to monitor and evaluate programs and actions implemented regarding FSN.

Accountability

The CAISAN must submit periodic reports on follow up of the analysis and recommendations made by CONSEA by government agencies.

Funding
  1. Decree No. 6,273 / 2007, which legally creates the CAISAN, notes that the programming and budgetary and financial implementation of programs and actions that make up the National Policy and Plan for Food Security and Nutrition is the responsibility of the competent agencies and entities, taking into account the respective exclusive powers and other provisions of applicable law.
  2. Decree No. 6,272 / 2007, which specifies competencies regarding the composition and operation of the CONSEA states that budgetary and financial resources necessary for the structuring and functioning of the Executive Secretariat shall be placed directly within the budget of the Presidency of the Republic .
  3. Decree No. 7.272 states that the financing for the National Policy for FSN will be the responsibility of the Federal Executive Branch, as well as the states, from each Federal District and the municipalities that adhere to SISAN, and will be divided into:

a. Budgetary allocations for each federal agency aimed at the various sectors that make up Food Security and Nutrition sector; And

b. Specific resources for the management and maintenance of SISAN entered in the respective annual budget laws.

The States, the Federal District and the municipalities that adhere to SISAN, and the Federal Executive Branch shall provide resources from their budgets into the programs and activities of the various sectors that make up the Food Security and Nutrition sector. This must be consistent with the commitments made in the plans for Food Security and Nutrition and the management agreement for the human right to adequate food.