Venezuela

GDP Current US$ 371,337 millions (2015)
GDP per capita Current US$ 16,530 (2014)
Agriculture, value added Percentage of GDP 5.64% (2015)
Population
31.73 millions
Geographic distribution
11.0%
89.0%
Poberty
9.8%
22.3%
Subalimentación
<5%
The right to food in Venezuela

The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela in its Political Constitution of 1999 implicitly recognizes, in the context of the broader fundamental rights, the right to food, making the state the guarantor of the right to life and human rights, also stating the defense and development of the person as a main purpose. Similarly, Article 305 corresponding to the section titled "Socio-economic System," establishes that the State is responsible for promoting sustainable agriculture to ensure food security for the population.

 Access

Relates to the way that people obtain food, both physically and economically, be it trade, self-production, access to markets, income increase due to programs and other social protection instruments, and direct food aid

 Availability

Refers to the provision, supply or stock of food, i.e. it relates to the "supply", food production, production infrastructure, inputs and food production chains, and national and international net trade.

Food availability by food group (kCal/day/person)

 Utilization

It's the influence of food quality on the nutritional status of individuals and their health. This includes hygiene; sanitation; quality and food safety; nutritional information; and the way the body uses the nutrients.

Obesity (BMI>=30) rate (%) in adults (+18 years)

 Stability

It's the consolidation of the other three dimensions of food and nutrition security over time, ie "for everyone at all times." Thus, it considers the capacity to react to unforeseen political, economic and social crisis and natural disasters that may change the conditions of the other dimensions, creating risk and vulnerability.

Ratio of food imports and exports

 Commerce

Refers to the exchange of food and agricultural goods considered in chapters 01 through 24 of the harmonized system, that contributes to consolidate the status of the four food and nutrition security dimensions.

Evolution of agri-food trade