Peru

GDP Current US$ 189,111 millions (2015)
GDP per capita Current US$ 6,027 (2015)
Agriculture, value added Percentage of GDP 7.76% (2015)
Population
31.55 millions
Geographic distribution
21.1%
78.9%
Poberty
4.3%
18.4%
Subalimentación
7.5%
The right to food in Peru

Although there is no explicit recognition of the right to adequate food, this right is contained within the right to life stated in Articles 1 and 3 of the Constitution of Peru. Correspondingly, Article 3 allows for the possibility of rights that are not recognized expressly in the text, noting: "The enumeration of rights in this chapter does not exclude others that the Constitution guarantees or others of similar nature or others based on the dignity of man".

 Access

Relates to the way that people obtain food, both physically and economically, be it trade, self-production, access to markets, income increase due to programs and other social protection instruments, and direct food aid

 Availability

Refers to the provision, supply or stock of food, i.e. it relates to the "supply", food production, production infrastructure, inputs and food production chains, and national and international net trade.

 Utilization

It's the influence of food quality on the nutritional status of individuals and their health. This includes hygiene; sanitation; quality and food safety; nutritional information; and the way the body uses the nutrients.

Obesity (BMI>=30) rate (%) in adults (+18 years)

 Stability

It's the consolidation of the other three dimensions of food and nutrition security over time, ie "for everyone at all times." Thus, it considers the capacity to react to unforeseen political, economic and social crisis and natural disasters that may change the conditions of the other dimensions, creating risk and vulnerability.

 Commerce

Refers to the exchange of food and agricultural goods considered in chapters 01 through 24 of the harmonized system, that contributes to consolidate the status of the four food and nutrition security dimensions.

Evolution of agri-food trade