Panama

GDP Current US$ 52,132 millions (2015)
GDP per capita Current US$ 13,268 (2015)
Agriculture, value added Percentage of GDP 2.89% (2015)
Population
4.05 millions
Geographic distribution
33.1%
66.9%
Poberty
11.5%
9.9%
Subalimentación
9.5%
The right to food in Panama

The Republic of Panama explicitly recognizes the right to food in its Constitution of 1972. In its sixth chapter on "Health, Social Security and Social Assistance" stipulates that the State must ensure health, fully understood as complete physical, mental and social well-being. It is in this respect that Article 110 makes the State responsible to: "develop a national food and nutrition policy that ensures an optimal nutritional status for the population, by promoting the availability, consumption and biological utilization of adequate food".

FNS
Milestones

 Access

Relates to the way that people obtain food, both physically and economically, be it trade, self-production, access to markets, income increase due to programs and other social protection instruments, and direct food aid

 Availability

Refers to the provision, supply or stock of food, i.e. it relates to the "supply", food production, production infrastructure, inputs and food production chains, and national and international net trade.

 Utilization

It's the influence of food quality on the nutritional status of individuals and their health. This includes hygiene; sanitation; quality and food safety; nutritional information; and the way the body uses the nutrients.

 Stability

It's the consolidation of the other three dimensions of food and nutrition security over time, ie "for everyone at all times." Thus, it considers the capacity to react to unforeseen political, economic and social crisis and natural disasters that may change the conditions of the other dimensions, creating risk and vulnerability.

 Commerce

Refers to the exchange of food and agricultural goods considered in chapters 01 through 24 of the harmonized system, that contributes to consolidate the status of the four food and nutrition security dimensions.

Evolution of agri-food trade