The United Mexican States in its Constitution of 1917 recognizes the Right to Food by explicitly stating in its fourth article: "everyone has the right to nutritionally adequate food, sufficient and of good quality”. The State, as well as the right to health protection and the right to water access and sanitation provision for personal and domestic consumption, will guarantee this in a sufficient manner. The same article mentions that children have a right to satisfy their needs for food, health, education, and healthy recreation for their full development.
Additionally, in the second article of the Constitution, the Federation, the States and Municipalities become guarantors to support the nutrition of indigenous and migrant families through food programs, especially regarding children.
- FNS legal and institutional framework in Mexico
- Program list
- List of policies, plans and strategies
- FNS legislation list
- Policy monitoring
Relates to the way that people obtain food, both physically and economically, be it trade, self-production, access to markets, income increase due to programs and other social protection instruments, and direct food aid
Refers to the provision, supply or stock of food, i.e. it relates to the "supply", food production, production infrastructure, inputs and food production chains, and national and international net trade.
Composición (%) de la disponibilidad alimentaria por grupo de alimentos
It's the influence of food quality on the nutritional status of individuals and their health. This includes hygiene; sanitation; quality and food safety; nutritional information; and the way the body uses the nutrients.
Tasa (%) de obesidad (IMC>=30) en adultos (+18 años)
It's the consolidation of the other three dimensions of food and nutrition security over time, ie "for everyone at all times." Thus, it considers the capacity to react to unforeseen political, economic and social crisis and natural disasters that may change the conditions of the other dimensions, creating risk and vulnerability.
Refers to the exchange of food and agricultural goods considered in chapters 01 through 24 of the harmonized system, that contributes to consolidate the status of the four food and nutrition security dimensions.
Evolución del saldo agroalimentario, en millones