Costa Rica

GDP Current US$ 54,137 millions (2015)
GDP per capita Current US$ 11,260 (2015)
Agriculture, value added Percentage of GDP 5.49% (2015)
Population
5.06 millions
Geographic distribution
22.3%
77.7%
Poberty
7.4%
11.2%
Subalimentación
5.0%
The right to food in Costa Rica

The Republic of Costa Rica recognizes implicitly, and in the context of broader rights, the Right to Food in its Constitution of 1949, pointing out, in Article 21 of Title IV of "Individual Rights and Guarantees", which expresses "Human life is inviolable". Furthermore, Article 50 of Title V on "Rights and Social Guarantees" affirms that the State of Costa Rica "will seek the greatest welfare for the population of the country."

FNS
Milestones

 Access

Relates to the way that people obtain food, both physically and economically, be it trade, self-production, access to markets, income increase due to programs and other social protection instruments, and direct food aid

 Availability

Refers to the provision, supply or stock of food, i.e. it relates to the "supply", food production, production infrastructure, inputs and food production chains, and national and international net trade.

 Utilization

It's the influence of food quality on the nutritional status of individuals and their health. This includes hygiene; sanitation; quality and food safety; nutritional information; and the way the body uses the nutrients.

 Stability

It's the consolidation of the other three dimensions of food and nutrition security over time, ie "for everyone at all times." Thus, it considers the capacity to react to unforeseen political, economic and social crisis and natural disasters that may change the conditions of the other dimensions, creating risk and vulnerability.

Ratio of food imports and exports

 Commerce

Refers to the exchange of food and agricultural goods considered in chapters 01 through 24 of the harmonized system, that contributes to consolidate the status of the four food and nutrition security dimensions.

Evolution of agri-food trade