Colombia

GDP Current US$ 292,080 millions (2015)
GDP per capita Current US$ 6,056 (2015)
Agriculture, value added Percentage of GDP 6.83% (2015)
Population
50.12 millions
Geographic distribution
23.3%
76.7%
Poberty
8.1%
20.5%
Subalimentación
8.8%
The right to food in Colombia

Colombia in its 1991 Constitution recognizes explicitly and directly the right to food, this is recognized and applicable only to specific population categories:

  • A balanced diet is a fundamental right of children (Article 44).
  • During pregnancy and postpartum, women enjoy special assistance and protection from the state, and they receive a food subsidy if she is unemployed or homeless (Article 43).
  • The State guarantees senior citizens a food subsidy in case of poverty and destitution (Article 46).

FNS
Milestones

 Access

Relates to the way that people obtain food, both physically and economically, be it trade, self-production, access to markets, income increase due to programs and other social protection instruments, and direct food aid

 Availability

Refers to the provision, supply or stock of food, i.e. it relates to the "supply", food production, production infrastructure, inputs and food production chains, and national and international net trade.

Food availability by food group (kCal/day/person)

 Utilization

It's the influence of food quality on the nutritional status of individuals and their health. This includes hygiene; sanitation; quality and food safety; nutritional information; and the way the body uses the nutrients.

Obesity (BMI>=30) rate (%) in adults (+18 years)

 Stability

It's the consolidation of the other three dimensions of food and nutrition security over time, ie "for everyone at all times." Thus, it considers the capacity to react to unforeseen political, economic and social crisis and natural disasters that may change the conditions of the other dimensions, creating risk and vulnerability.

Ratio of food imports and exports

 Commerce

Refers to the exchange of food and agricultural goods considered in chapters 01 through 24 of the harmonized system, that contributes to consolidate the status of the four food and nutrition security dimensions.

Evolution of agri-food trade